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  Understanding the influence of personality on dynamic social gesture processing: An fMRI study

Saggar, M., Vrticka, P., & Reiss, A. L. (2016). Understanding the influence of personality on dynamic social gesture processing: An fMRI study. Neuropsychologia, 80, 71-78. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2015.10.039.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-FB1C-4 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-FB1D-3
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Saggar, Manish1, Author
Vrticka, Pascal1, 2, Author              
Reiss, Allan L.1, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Center for Interdisciplinary Brain Sciences Research, Stanford University School of Medicine, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              
2Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              

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Free keywords: Personality; Extraversion; Neuroticism; fMRI; Social Cognition
 Abstract: This fMRI study aimed at investigating how differences in personality traits affect the processing of dynamic and natural gestures containing social versus nonsocial intent. We predicted that while processing gestures with social intent extraversion would be associated with increased activity within the reticulothalamic–cortical arousal system (RTCS), while neuroticism would be associated with increased activity in emotion processing circuits. The obtained findings partly support our hypotheses. We found a positive correlation between bilateral thalamic activity and extraversion scores while participants viewed social (versus nonsocial) gestures. For neuroticism, the data revealed a more complex activation pattern. Activity in the bilateral frontal operculum and anterior insula, extending into bilateral putamen and right amygdala, was moderated as a function of actor-orientation (i.e., first versus third-person engagement) and face-visibility (actor faces visible versus blurred). Our findings point to the existence of factors other than emotional valence that can influence social gesture processing in particular, and social cognitive affective processing in general, as a function of personality.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-10-062015-07-202015-10-312015-11-022016-01-08
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2015.10.039
PMID: 26541443
PMC: PMC4698311
Other: Epub 2015
 Degree: -

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Title: Neuropsychologia
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 80 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 71 - 78 Identifier: ISSN: 0028-3932
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925428258