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  The association between mental demands at the workplace and cognitive functioning: The role of the big five personality traits

Hussenoder, F. S., Conrad, I., Roehr, S., Glaesmer, H., Hinz, A., Enzenbach, C., et al. (2019). The association between mental demands at the workplace and cognitive functioning: The role of the big five personality traits. Aging & Mental Health. doi:10.1080/13607863.2019.1617244.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-D109-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-645B-6
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Hussenoder, Felix S.1, Author
Conrad, Ines1, Author
Roehr, Susanne1, Author
Glaesmer, Heide2, Author
Hinz, Andreas2, Author
Enzenbach, Cornelia3, Author
Engel, Christoph3, Author
Witte, A. Veronica4, Author              
Schroeter, Matthias L.4, 5, Author              
Loeffler, Markus3, Author
Thiery, Joachim6, Author
Villringer, Arno4, Author              
Riedel-Heller, Steffi G.1, Author
Rodriguez, Francisca S.7, Author
Affiliations:
1Institute of Social Medicine, Occupational Health and Public Health (ISAP), University Hospital Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (IMISE), University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
5Clinic for Cognitive Neurology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Institute of Laboratory Medicine, Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics (ILM), University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
7Center for Cognitive Science, TU Kaiserslautern, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Mental demands; Personality; Cognition; Moderation; Workplace
 Abstract: Objectives: Mental demands at the workplace can be preventive against cognitive decline. However, personality shapes the way information is processed and we therefore assume that Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness, Agreeableness and Conscientiousness, would moderate the beneficial effects of workplace stimulation on cognitive outcomes. Methods: We analyzed data from the population-based LIFE-Adult-Study (n = 6529). Cognitive outcomes were assessed via the Trail-Making Test (TMTA, TMTB) and the Verbal Fluency Test. Personality was assessed via the Personality Adjective List (16 AM). Mental demands were classified with the indices Verbal and Executive based on the O*NET database. Results: Multivariate regression analyses showed only two significant moderation effects of personality, i.e. in individuals with low scores on Conscientiousness/Openness, index Verbal was connected to better TMTB performance, while this effect disappeared for individuals with high values on the personality trait. However, the additional explained variance remained marginal. Conclusion: The findings suggest that personality does not modify associations between high mental demands at work and better cognitive functioning in old age; however, there is a tendency that high levels of Openness and Conscientiousness may offset effects of mental demands.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-01-282019-05-062019-05-25
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1080/13607863.2019.1617244
Other: Epub ahead of print
PMID: 31129995
 Degree: -

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Funding organization : LIFE – Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases, University of Leipzig
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Funding program : -
Funding organization : European Union (EU)
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Funding program : European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)
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Funding program : -
Funding organization : Free State of Saxony

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Title: Aging & Mental Health
Source Genre: Journal
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Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Abingdon : Routledge
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1360-7863
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1360-7863