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  A Leak in the Academic Pipeline: Identity and Health Among Postdoctoral Women

Ysseldyk, R., Greenaway, K. H., Hassinger, E., Zutrauen, S., Lintz, J., Bhatia, M. P., et al. (2019). A Leak in the Academic Pipeline: Identity and Health Among Postdoctoral Women. Frontiers in Psychology, 10: 1297, pp. 1-17. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01297.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-D34E-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-D350-4
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Ysseldyk, Renate1, Author
Greenaway, Katharine H.1, Author
Hassinger, Elena2, Author              
Zutrauen, Sarah1, Author
Lintz, Jana2, Author              
Bhatia, Maya P.1, Author
Frye, Margaret1, Author
Starkenburg, Else1, Author
Tai, Vera1, Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Physics of Unconventional Metals and Superconductors, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Max Planck Society, ou_2466700              

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 Abstract: Several challenges (e.g., sexism, parental leave, the glass ceiling, etc.) disproportionately affect women in academia (and beyond), and thus perpetuate the leaky pipeline metaphor for women who opt-out of an academic career. Although this pattern can be seen at all levels of the academic hierarchy, a critical time for women facing such challenges is during the postdoctoral stage, when personal life transitions and professional ambitions collide. Using a social identity approach, we explore factors affecting the mental health of postdoctoral women, including identity development (e.g., as a mother, a scientist) and lack of control (uncertainty about one's future personal and professional prospects), which likely contribute to the leak from academia. In this mixed-method research, Study 1 comprised interviews with postdoctoral women in North America (n = 13) and Europe (n = 8) across a range disciplines (e.g., psychology, physics, political science). Common themes included the negative impact of career uncertainty, gender-based challenges (especially sexism and maternity leave), and work-life balance on mental and physical health. However, interviewees also described attempts to overcome gender inequality and institutional barriers by drawing on support networks. Study 2 comprised an online survey of postdoctoral women (N = 146) from a range of countries and academic disciplines to assess the relationships between social identification (e.g., disciplinary, gender, social group), perceived control (i.e., over work and life), and mental health (i.e., depression, anxiety, stress, and life satisfaction). Postdoctoral women showed mild levels of stress and depression, and were only slightly satisfied with life. They also showed only moderate levels of perceived control over one's life and work. However, hierarchical regression analyses revealed that strongly identifying with one's discipline was most consistently positively associated with both perceived control and mental health. Collectively, these findings implicate the postdoctoral stage as being stressful and tenuous for women regardless of academic background or nationality. They also highlight the importance of disciplinary identity as a potentially protective factor for mental health that, in turn, may diminish the rate at which postdoctoral women leak from the academic pipeline.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-06-042019-06-04
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01297
 Degree: -

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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 Sequence Number: 1297 Start / End Page: 1 - 17 Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664-1078