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  Minimal group formation influences on over-imitation

Schleihauf, H., Pauen, S., & Hoehl, S. (2019). Minimal group formation influences on over-imitation. Cognitive Development, 50, 222-236. doi:10.1016/j.cogdev.2019.04.004.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-56A7-F Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-71B5-0
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Schleihauf, Hanna1, Author              
Pauen, Sabina2, Author
Hoehl, Stefanie1, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Early Social Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_2355694              
2University of Heidelberg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3University Vienna, Austria, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Group membership; Minimal groups; Over-imitation; Imitation; Social cognition; Sex effects
 Abstract: This study investigated influences of group membership on preschoolers’ (N = 174) over-imitation, focusing on artificially formed minimal groups. Children observed an ingroup or outgroup model demonstrating an inefficient strategy. We tested whether group membership influenced the elicitation of over-imitation (Phase 1). Subsequently, they observed an outgroup/ingroup model demonstrating an efficient strategy and we tested whether group membership influenced the persistence of over-imitation when a more efficient solution is available (Phase 2). Although we found a significant increase in over-imitation with an increasing emphasis of group membership during group formation, over-imitation rates were not affected by group membership of the model. It did not make a difference whether children observed either strategy by an ingroup or outgroup model. We conclude that minimal group membership itself did not affect children’s tendency to over-imitate. Nevertheless, we assume that children’s over-imitation was influenced by general aspects of the group formation process, such as the playful context which was created prior to the demonstrations.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-04-142018-07-212019-04-262019-05-172019-06
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cogdev.2019.04.004
 Degree: -

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Project name : -
Grant ID : HO 4342/8-1
Funding program : -
Funding organization : German Research Foundation (DFG)
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Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes

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Title: Cognitive Development
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Norwood, NJ : JAI
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 50 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 222 - 236 Identifier: ISSN: 0885-2014
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925551350