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  A syntactic motivation for valency reduction: antipassive constructions in Ulwa

Barlow, R. (2019). A syntactic motivation for valency reduction: antipassive constructions in Ulwa. Oceanic Linguistics, 58(1): 730686, pp. 1-30. doi:10.1353/ol.2019.0001.

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Barlow, Russell1, Author              
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1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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 Abstract: Ulwa, a Papuan language spoken in the Sepik region of Papua New Guinea, has nominative-accusative morphosyntactic alignment. In addition to a typologically unusual passive construction, Ulwa exhibits two other valency-reducing phenomena, both of which resemble antipassivization. One of these constructions involves a special verbal prefix, but differs from canonical antipassive constructions in that it disallows the overt expression of a demoted object. In the other construction, however, which exhibits no special verbal morphology, the logical direct object is expressed with obligatory oblique marking. Although antipassives are often explained as syntactic operations that are motivated by pragmatic considerations, the situation in Ulwa appears to be different. Rather, antipassive constructions in Ulwa are generally motivated by syntactic constraints. These constraints have nothing to do with the requirements of some ergative languages to enable an actor to serve as a pivot, but rather depend on surface word order. This paper examines the relationship between syntax and pragmatics in valency-reducing strategies. It also suggests how the facts of Ulwa pose challenges for case-absorption analyses of antipassives.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-06-012019-06
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 31
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 Table of Contents: 1 Introduction
2 Ulwa
3 Valency reduction in Ulwa: an antipassive prefix
4 Antipaasives in Ulwa: a syntactic motivation?
5 Functions and effects of the Ulwa antipassive
6 Syntactic implications: case absorption?
7 Conclusion
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: URI: https://muse.jhu.edu/article/730686
DOI: 10.1353/ol.2019.0001
Other: shh2318
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Title: Oceanic Linguistics
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Honolulu, etc. : University of Hawaii Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 58 (1) Sequence Number: 730686 Start / End Page: 1 - 30 Identifier: ISSN: 0029-8115
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/991042742031338