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  Pathways to social inequality

Haynie, H. J., Kavanagh, P. H., Jordan, F. M., Ember, C. R., Gray, R. D., Greenhill, S. J., et al. (2019). Pathways to social inequality. SocArXiv. doi:10.31235/osf.io/nzv8d.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-665D-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-66D2-C
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Haynie, Hannah J., Author
Kavanagh, Patrick H., Author
Jordan, Fiona M., Author
Ember, Carol R., Author
Gray, Russell D.1, Author              
Greenhill, Simon J.1, Author              
Kirby, Kathryn1, Author              
Kushnick, Geoff, Author
Low, Bobbi S., Author
Tuff, Ty, Author
Vilela, Bruno, Author
Botero, Carlos A., Author
Gavin, Michael C.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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Free keywords: Social and Behavioral Sciences ; Anthropology
 Abstract: Social inequality is now pervasive in human societies, despite the fact that humans lived in relatively egalitarian, small-scale societies across most of our history. Prior literature highlights the importance of environmental conditions, economic defensibility, and wealth transmission for shaping early Holocene origins of social inequality. However, it remains untested whether the mechanisms that drive the evolution of inequality in recent human societies follow a similar trajectory. We conduct the first global analysis of pathways to inequality within modern human societies using structural equation modeling. Our analytical approach demonstrates that environmental conditions, resource intensification, and wealth transmission mechanisms impact various forms of social inequality via a complex web of causality. We further find that subsistence practices have a direct impact on some institutionalized forms of inequality. This work identifies drivers of social inequality in the modern world and demonstrates the application of structural equation modeling methods to investigate complex relationships between elements of human culture.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-07-31
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 33
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Internal
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.31235/osf.io/nzv8d
URI: https://osf.io/hmwv5/
Other: shh2354
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Title: SocArXiv
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Maryland : University of Maryland
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