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  Shared lexical access processes in speaking and listening? An individual differences study

Hintz*, F., Jongman*, S. R., Dijkhuis, M., Van 't Hoff, V., McQueen, J. M., & Meyer, A. S. (in press). Shared lexical access processes in speaking and listening? An individual differences study. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-83C7-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-ADC8-8
Genre: Journal Article

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Hintz_etal_JepLmc2019.pdf (Preprint), 2MB
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Hintz*, Florian1, 2, Author              
Jongman*, Suzanne R.1, Author              
Dijkhuis, Marjolijn1, Author              
Van 't Hoff, Vera1, Author              
McQueen, James M.3, 4, Author              
Meyer, Antje S.1, 4, Author              
Affiliations:
1Psychology of Language Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, ou_792545              
2Individual Differences in Language Processing Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, ou_792545              
3Research Associates, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, ou_2344700              
4Radboud University Nijmegen, External Organizations, ou_3055479              

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 Abstract: - * indicates joint first authorship - Lexical access is a core component of word processing. In order to produce or comprehend a word, language users must access word forms in their mental lexicon. However, despite its involvement in both tasks, previous research has often studied lexical access in either production or comprehension alone. Therefore, it is unknown to which extent lexical access processes are shared across both tasks. Picture naming and auditory lexical decision are considered good tools for studying lexical access. Both of them are speeded tasks. Given these commonalities, another open question concerns the involvement of general cognitive abilities (e.g., processing speed) in both linguistic tasks. In the present study, we addressed these questions. We tested a large group of young adults enrolled in academic and vocational courses. Participants completed picture naming and auditory lexical decision tasks as well as a battery of tests assessing non-verbal processing speed, vocabulary, and non-verbal intelligence. Our results suggest that the lexical access processes involved in picture naming and lexical decision are related but less closely than one might have thought. Moreover, reaction times in picture naming and lexical decision depended as least as much on general processing speed as on domain-specific linguistic processes (i.e., lexical access processes).

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-08-20
 Publication Status: Accepted / In Press
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 Rev. Method: Peer
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Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0278-7393
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954927606766