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  The influence of orthography on phonemic knowledge: An experimental investigation on German and Persian

Nayernia, L., Van den Vijver, R., & Indefrey, P. (2019). The influence of orthography on phonemic knowledge: An experimental investigation on German and Persian. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 48(6), 1391-1406. doi:10.1007/s10936-019-09664-9.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-8CD1-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-1C22-6
Genre: Journal Article

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Nayernia2019_Article_TheInfluenceOfOrthographyOnPho.pdf (Publisher version), 770KB
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2019
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© The Author(s) 2019 Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

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 Creators:
Nayernia, Leila1, Author
Van den Vijver, Ruben1, Author
Indefrey, Peter1, 2, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Abteilung für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft, Institut für Sprache und InformationHeinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Neural Dynamics of Language Production, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528709              
3Centre for Cognitive Neuroimaging, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, External Organizations, ou_63283              

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 Abstract: This study investigated whether the phonological representation of a word is modulated by its orthographic representation in case of a mismatch between the two representations. Such a mismatch is found in Persian, where short vowels are represented phonemically but not orthographically. Persian adult literates, Persian adult illiterates, and German adult literates were presented with two auditory tasks, an AX-discrimination task and a reversal task. We assumed that if orthographic representations influence phonological representations, Persian literates should perform worse than Persian illiterates or German literates on items with short vowels in these tasks. The results of the discrimination tasks showed that Persian literates and illiterates as well as German literates were approximately equally competent in discriminating short vowels in Persian words and pseudowords. Persian literates did not well discriminate German words containing phonemes that differed only in vowel length. German literates performed relatively poorly in discriminating German homographic words that differed only in vowel length. Persian illiterates were unable to perform the reversal task in Persian. The results of the other two participant groups in the reversal task showed the predicted poorer performance of Persian literates on Persian items containing short vowels compared to items containing long vowels only. German literates did not show this effect in German. Our results suggest two distinct effects of orthography on phonemic representations: whereas the lack of orthographic representations seems to affect phonemic awareness, homography seems to affect the discriminability of phonemic representations.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-08-192019-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s10936-019-09664-9
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Title: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: New York : Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers [etc.]
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 48 (6) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1391 - 1406 Identifier: ISSN: 0090-6905
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925462140