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  A Gravitational-wave Measurement of the Hubble Constant Following the Second Observing Run of Advanced LIGO and Virgo

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, The Virgo Collaboration, Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T. D., Abraham, S., et al. (2021). A Gravitational-wave Measurement of the Hubble Constant Following the Second Observing Run of Advanced LIGO and Virgo. The Astrophysical Journal, 909(2): 218. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/abdcb7.

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The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Author              
The Virgo Collaboration, Author              
Abbott, B. P., Author
Abbott, R., Author
Abbott, T. D., Author
Abraham, S., Author
Acernese, F., Author
Ackley, K., Author
Adams, C., Author
Adhikari, R. X., Author
Adya, V. B., Author
Affeldt, C.1, Author           
Agathos, M., Author
Agatsuma, K., Author
Aggarwal, N., Author
Aguiar, O. D., Author
Aiello, L., Author
Ain, A., Author
Ajith, P., Author
Allen, G., Author
Allocca, A., AuthorAloy, M. A., AuthorAltin, P. A., AuthorAmato, A., AuthorAnand, S., AuthorAnanyeva, A., AuthorAnderson, S. B., AuthorAnderson, W. G., AuthorAngelova, S. V., AuthorAntier, S., AuthorAppert, S., AuthorArai, K., AuthorAraya, M. C., AuthorAreeda, J. S., AuthorArène, M., AuthorArnaud, N., AuthorAronson, S. M., AuthorArun, K. G., AuthorAscenzi, S., AuthorAshton, G., AuthorAston, S. M., AuthorAstone, P., AuthorAubin, F., AuthorAufmuth, P., AuthorAultONeal, K., AuthorAustin, C., AuthorAvendano, V., AuthorAvila-Alvarez, A., AuthorBabak, S., AuthorBacon, P., AuthorBadaracco, F., AuthorBader, M. K. M., AuthorBae, S., AuthorBaird, J., AuthorBaker, P. T., AuthorBaldaccini, F., AuthorBallardin, G., AuthorBallmer, S. W., AuthorBals, A., AuthorBanagiri, S., AuthorBarayoga, J. C., AuthorBarbieri, C., AuthorBarclay, S. E., AuthorBarish, B. C., AuthorBarker, D., AuthorBarkett, K., AuthorBarnum, S., AuthorBarone, F., AuthorBarr, B., AuthorBarsotti, L., AuthorBarsuglia, M., AuthorBarta, D., AuthorBartlett, J., AuthorBartos, I., AuthorBassiri, R., AuthorBasti, A., AuthorBawaj, M., AuthorBayley, J. C., AuthorBazzan, M., AuthorBécsy, B., AuthorBejger, M., AuthorBelahcene, I., AuthorBell, A. S., AuthorBeniwal, D., AuthorBenjamin, M. G., AuthorBerger, B. K., AuthorBergmann, G.1, Author           Bernuzzi, S., AuthorBerry, C. P. L., AuthorBersanetti, D., AuthorBertolini, A., AuthorBetzwieser, J., AuthorBhandare, R., AuthorBidler, J., AuthorBiggs, E., AuthorBilenko, I. A., AuthorBilgili, S. A., AuthorBillingsley, G., AuthorBirney, R., AuthorBirnholtz, O., AuthorBiscans, S., AuthorBischi, M., AuthorBiscoveanu, S., AuthorBisht, A., AuthorBitossi, M., AuthorBizouard, M. A., AuthorBlackburn, J. K., AuthorBlackman, J., AuthorBlair, C. D., AuthorBlair, D. G., AuthorBlair, R. M., AuthorBloemen, S., AuthorBobba, F., AuthorBode, N.1, Author           Boer, M., AuthorBoetzel, Y., AuthorBogaert, G., AuthorBondu, F., AuthorBonnand, R., AuthorBooker , P.2, AuthorBoom, B. A., AuthorBoschi, R. Bork., AuthorBose, S., AuthorBossilkov, V., AuthorBosveld, J., AuthorBouffanais, Y., AuthorBozzi, A., AuthorBradaschia, C., AuthorBrady, P. R., AuthorBramley, A., AuthorBranchesi, M., AuthorBrau, J. E., AuthorBreschi, M., AuthorBriant, T., AuthorBriggs, J. H., AuthorBrighenti, F., AuthorBrillet, A., AuthorBrinkmann, M.1, Author           Brockill, P., AuthorBrooks, A. F., AuthorBrooks, J., AuthorBrown, D. D., AuthorBrunett, S., AuthorBuikema, A., AuthorBulik, T., AuthorBulten, H. J., AuthorBuonanno, A.3, Author           Buskulic, D., AuthorBuy, C., AuthorByer, R. L., AuthorCabero, M.4, Author           Cadonati, L., AuthorCagnoli, G., AuthorCahillane, C., AuthorBustillo, J. Calderón, AuthorCallister, T. A., AuthorCalloni, E., AuthorCamp, J. B., AuthorCampbell, W. A., AuthorCanepa, M., AuthorCannon, K. C., AuthorCao, H., AuthorCao, J., AuthorCarapella, G., AuthorCarbognani, F., AuthorCaride, S., AuthorCarney, M. F., AuthorCarullo, G., AuthorDiaz, J. Casanueva, AuthorCasentini, C., AuthorCaudill, S., AuthorCavaglià, M., AuthorCavalier, F., AuthorCavalieri, R., AuthorCella, G., AuthorCerdá-Durán, P., AuthorCesarini, E., AuthorChaibi, O., AuthorChakravarti, K., AuthorChamberlin, S. J., AuthorChan, M., AuthorChao, S., AuthorCharlton, P., AuthorChase, E. A., AuthorChassande-Mottin, E., AuthorChatterjee, D., AuthorChaturvedi, M., AuthorCheeseboro, B. D., AuthorChen, H. Y., AuthorChen, X., AuthorChen, Y., AuthorCheng, H. -P., AuthorCheong, C. K., AuthorChia, H. Y., AuthorChiadini, F., AuthorChincarini, A., AuthorChiummo, A., AuthorCho, G., AuthorCho, H. S., AuthorCho, M., AuthorChristensen, N., AuthorChu, Q., AuthorChua, S., AuthorChung, K. W., AuthorChung, S., AuthorCiani, G., AuthorCie{ś}lar, M., AuthorCiobanu, A. A., AuthorCiolfi, R., AuthorCipriano, F., AuthorCirone, A., AuthorClara, F., AuthorClark, J. A., AuthorClearwater, P., AuthorCleva, F., AuthorCoccia, E., AuthorCohadon, P. -F., AuthorCohen, D., AuthorColleoni, M., AuthorCollette, C. G., AuthorCollins, C., AuthorColpi, M., AuthorCominsky, L. R., AuthorConstancio, M., AuthorConti, L., AuthorCooper, S. J., AuthorCorban, P., AuthorCorbitt, T. R., AuthorCordero-Carrión, I., AuthorCorezzi, S., AuthorCorley, K. R., AuthorCornish, N., AuthorCorre, D., AuthorCorsi, A., AuthorCortese, S., AuthorCosta, C. A., AuthorCotesta, R.3, Author           Coughlin, M. W., AuthorCoughlin, S. B., AuthorCoulon, J. -P., AuthorCountryman, S. T., AuthorCouvares, P., AuthorCovas, P. B., AuthorCowan, E. E., AuthorCoward, D. M., AuthorCowart, M. J., AuthorCoyne, D. C., AuthorCoyne, R., AuthorCreighton, J. D. E., AuthorCreighton, T. D., AuthorCripe, J., AuthorCroquette, M., AuthorCrowder, S. G., AuthorCullen, T. J., AuthorCumming, A., AuthorCunningham, L., AuthorCuoco, E., AuthorCanton, T. Dal, AuthorDálya, G., AuthorD'Angelo, B., AuthorDanilishin, S.1, Author           D'Antonio, S., AuthorDanzmann, K.1, Author           Dasgupta, A., AuthorCosta, C. F. Da Silva, AuthorDatrier, L. E. H., AuthorDattilo, V., AuthorDave, I., AuthorDavier, M., AuthorDavis, D., AuthorDaw, E. J., AuthorDeBra, D., AuthorDeenadayalan, M., AuthorDegallaix, J., AuthorDe Laurentis, M., AuthorDeléglise, S., AuthorDel Pozzo, W., AuthorDeMarchi, L. M., AuthorDemos, N., AuthorDent, T., AuthorDe Pietri, R., AuthorDe Rosa, R., AuthorDe Rossi, C., AuthorDeSalvo, R., Authorde Varona , O.2, AuthorDhurandhar, S., AuthorDíaz, M. C., AuthorDietrich, T., AuthorDi Fiore, L., AuthorDiFronzo, C., AuthorDi Giorgio, C., AuthorDi Giovanni, F., AuthorDi Giovanni, M., AuthorDi Girolamo, T., AuthorDi Lieto, A., AuthorDing, B., AuthorDi Pace, S., AuthorDi Palma, I., AuthorDi Renzo, F., AuthorDivakarla, A. K., AuthorDmitriev, A., AuthorDoctor, Z., AuthorDonovan, F., AuthorDooley, K. L., AuthorDoravari, S., AuthorDorrington, I., AuthorDownes, T. P., AuthorDrago, M., AuthorDriggers, J. C., AuthorDu, Z., AuthorDucoin, J. -G., AuthorDupej, P., AuthorDurante, O., AuthorDwyer, S. E., AuthorEaster, P. J., AuthorEddolls, G., AuthorEdo, T. B., AuthorEffler, A., AuthorEhrens, P., AuthorEichholz, J., AuthorEikenberry, S. S., AuthorEisenmann, M., AuthorEisenstein, R. A., AuthorErrico, L., AuthorEssick, R. C., AuthorEstelles, H., AuthorEstevez, D., AuthorEtienne, Z. B., AuthorEtzel, T., AuthorEvans, M., AuthorEvans, T. M., AuthorFafone, V., AuthorFairhurst, S., AuthorFan, X., AuthorFarinon, S., AuthorFarr, B., AuthorFarr, W. M., AuthorFauchon-Jones, E. J., AuthorFavata, M., AuthorFays, M., AuthorFazio, M., AuthorFee, C., AuthorFeicht, J., AuthorFejer, M. M., AuthorFeng, F., AuthorFernandez-Galiana, A., AuthorFerrante, I., AuthorFerreira, E. C., AuthorFerreira, T. A., AuthorFidecaro, F., AuthorFiori, I., AuthorFiorucci, D., AuthorFishbach, M., AuthorFisher, R. P., AuthorFishner, J. M., AuthorFittipaldi, R., AuthorFitz-Axen, M., AuthorFiumara, V., AuthorFlaminio, R., AuthorFletcher, M., AuthorFloden, E., AuthorFlynn, E., AuthorFong, H., AuthorFont, J. A., AuthorForsyth, P. W. F., AuthorFournier, J. -D., AuthorVivanco, Francisco Hernandez, AuthorFrasca, S., AuthorFrasconi, F., AuthorFrei, Z., AuthorFreise, A., AuthorFrey, R., AuthorFrey, V., AuthorFritschel, P., AuthorFrolov, V. V., AuthorFronzè, G., AuthorFulda, P., AuthorFyffe, M., AuthorGabbard, H. A., AuthorGadre, B.3, Author           Gaebel, S. M., AuthorGair, J. R., AuthorGammaitoni, L., AuthorGaonkar, S. G., AuthorGarcía-Quirós, C., AuthorGarufi, F., AuthorGateley, B., AuthorGaudio, S., AuthorGaur, G., AuthorGayathri, V., AuthorGemme, G., AuthorGenin, E., AuthorGennai, A., AuthorGeorge, D., AuthorGeorge, J., AuthorGergely, L., AuthorGhonge, S., AuthorGhosh, A.3, Author           Ghosh, Archisman, AuthorGhosh, S., AuthorGiacomazzo, B., AuthorGiaime, J. A., AuthorGiardina, K. D., AuthorGibson, D. R., AuthorGill, K., AuthorGlover, L., AuthorGniesmer, J., AuthorGodwin, P., AuthorGoetz, E., AuthorGoetz, R., AuthorGoncharov, B., AuthorGonzález, G., AuthorCastro, J. M. Gonzalez, AuthorGopakumar, A., AuthorGossan, S. E., AuthorGosselin, M., AuthorGouaty, R., AuthorGrace, B., AuthorGrado, A., AuthorGranata, M., AuthorGrant, A., AuthorGras, S., AuthorGrassia, P., AuthorGray, C., AuthorGray, R., AuthorGreco, G., AuthorGreen, A. C., AuthorGreen, R., AuthorGretarsson, E. M., AuthorGrimaldi, A., AuthorGrimm, S. J., AuthorGroot, P., AuthorGrote, H., AuthorGrunewald, S.3, Author           Gruning, P., AuthorGuidi, G. M., AuthorGulati, H. K., AuthorGuo, Y., AuthorGupta, A., AuthorGupta, Anchal, AuthorGupta, P., AuthorGustafson, E. K., AuthorGustafson, R., AuthorHaegel, L., AuthorHalim, O., AuthorHall, B. R., AuthorHall, E. D., AuthorHamilton, E. Z., AuthorHammond, G., AuthorHaney, M., AuthorHanke, M.1, Author           Hanks, J., AuthorHanna, C., AuthorHannam, M. D., AuthorHannuksela, O. A., AuthorHansen, T. J., AuthorHanson, J., AuthorHarder, T., AuthorHardwick, T., AuthorHaris, K., AuthorHarms, J., AuthorHarry, G. M., AuthorHarry, I. W., AuthorHasskew, R. K., AuthorHaster, C. J., AuthorHaughian, K., AuthorHayes, F. J., AuthorHealy, J., AuthorHeidmann, A., AuthorHeintze, M. C., AuthorHeitmann, H., AuthorHellman, F., AuthorHello, P., AuthorHemming, G., AuthorHendry, M., AuthorHeng, I. S., AuthorHennig, J.-S.1, Author           Heurs, M.1, Author           Hild, S., AuthorHinderer, T., AuthorHochheim , S.2, AuthorHofman, D., AuthorHolgado, A. M., AuthorHolland, N. A., AuthorHolt, K., AuthorHolz, D. E., AuthorHopkins, P., AuthorHorst, C., AuthorHough, J., AuthorHowell, E. J., AuthorHoy, C. G., AuthorHuang, Y., AuthorHübner, M. T., AuthorHuerta, E. A., AuthorHuet, D., AuthorHughey, B., AuthorHui, V., AuthorHusa, S., AuthorHuttner, S. H., AuthorHuynh-Dinh, T., AuthorIdzkowski, B., AuthorIess, A., AuthorInchauspe, H., AuthorIngram, C., AuthorInta, R., AuthorIntini, G., AuthorIrwin, B., AuthorIsa, H. N., AuthorIsac, J. -M., AuthorIsi, M., AuthorIyer, B. R., AuthorJacqmin, T., AuthorJadhav, S. J., AuthorJani, K., AuthorJanthalur, N. N., AuthorJaranowski, P., AuthorJariwala, D., AuthorJenkins, A. C., AuthorJiang, J., AuthorJohnson, D. S., AuthorJones, A. W., AuthorJones, D. I., AuthorJones, J. D., AuthorJones, R., AuthorJonker, R. J. G., AuthorJu, L., AuthorJunker, J.1, Author           Kalaghatgi, C. V., AuthorKalogera, V., AuthorKamai, B., AuthorKandhasamy, S., AuthorKang, G., AuthorKanner, J. B., AuthorKapadia, S. J., AuthorKarki, S., AuthorKashyap, R., AuthorKasprzack, M., AuthorKatsanevas, S., AuthorKatsavounidis, E., AuthorKatzman, W., AuthorKaufer, S., AuthorKawabe, K., AuthorKeerthana, N. V., AuthorKéfélian, F., AuthorKeitel, D., AuthorKennedy, R., AuthorKey, J. S., AuthorKhalili, F. Y., AuthorKhan, I., AuthorKhan, S.5, Author           Khazanov, E. A., AuthorKhetan, N., AuthorKhursheed, M., AuthorKijbunchoo, N., AuthorKim, Chunglee, AuthorKim, J. C., AuthorKim, K., AuthorKim, W., AuthorKim, W. S., AuthorKim, Y. -M., AuthorKimball, C., AuthorKing, P. J., AuthorKinley-Hanlon, M., AuthorKirchhoff, R.1, Author           Kissel, J. S., AuthorKleybolte, L., AuthorKlika, J. H., AuthorKlimenko, S., AuthorKnowles, T. D., AuthorKoch, P.1, Author           Koehlenbeck, S.1, Author           Koekoek, G., AuthorKoley, S., AuthorKondrashov, V., AuthorKontos, A., AuthorKoper, N.1, Author           Korobko, M., AuthorKorth, W. Z., AuthorKovalam, M., AuthorKozak, D. B., AuthorKrämer, C.1, Author           Kringel, V.1, Author           Krishnendu, N., AuthorKrólak, A., AuthorKrupinski, N., AuthorKuehn, G.1, Author           Kumar, A., AuthorKumar, P., AuthorKumar, Rahul, AuthorKumar, Rakesh, AuthorKuo, L., AuthorKutynia, A., AuthorKwang, S., AuthorLackey, B.3, Author           Laghi, D., AuthorLai, K. H., AuthorLam, T. L., AuthorLandry, M., AuthorLane, B. B., AuthorLang, R. N., AuthorLange, J., AuthorLantz, B., AuthorLanza, R. K., AuthorLartaux-Vollard, A., AuthorLasky, P. D., AuthorLaxen, M., AuthorLazzarini, A., AuthorLazzaro, C., AuthorLeaci, P., AuthorLeavey, S.1, Author           Lecoeuche, Y. K., AuthorLee, C. H., AuthorLee, H. K., AuthorLee, H. M., AuthorLee, H. W., AuthorLee, J., AuthorLee, K., AuthorLehmann, J.1, Author           Lenon, A. K., AuthorLeroy, N., AuthorLetendre, N., AuthorLevin, Y., AuthorLi, A., AuthorLi, J., AuthorLi, K. J. L., AuthorLi, T. G. F., AuthorLi, X., AuthorLin, F., AuthorLinde, F., AuthorLinker, S. D., AuthorLittenberg, T. B., AuthorLiu, J., AuthorLiu, X., AuthorLlorens-Monteagudo, M., AuthorLo, R. K. L., AuthorLondon, L. T., AuthorLongo, A., AuthorLorenzini, M., AuthorLoriette, V., AuthorLormand, M., AuthorLosurdo, G., AuthorLough, J.1, Author           Lousto, C. O., AuthorLovelace, G., AuthorLower, M. E., AuthorLück, H.1, Author           Lumaca, D., AuthorLundgren, A. P., AuthorLynch, R., AuthorMa, Y., AuthorMacas, R., AuthorMacfoy, S., AuthorMacInnis, M., AuthorMacleod, D. M., AuthorMacquet, A., AuthorHernandez, I. Magaña, AuthorMagaña-Sandoval, F., AuthorMagee, R. M., AuthorMajorana, E., AuthorMaksimovic, I., AuthorMalik, A., AuthorMan, N., AuthorMandic, V., AuthorMangano, V., AuthorMansell, G. L., AuthorManske, M., AuthorMantovani, M., AuthorMapelli, M., AuthorMarchesoni, F., AuthorMarion, F., AuthorMárka, S., AuthorMárka, Z., AuthorMarkakis, C., AuthorMarkosyan, A. S., AuthorMarkowitz, A., AuthorMaros, E., AuthorMarquina, A., AuthorMarsat, S., AuthorMartelli, F., AuthorMartin, I. W., AuthorMartin, R. M., AuthorMartinez, V., AuthorMartynov, D. V., AuthorMasalehdan, H., AuthorMason, K., AuthorMassera, E., AuthorMasserot, A., AuthorMassinger, T. J., AuthorMasso-Reid, M., AuthorMastrogiovanni, S., AuthorMatas, A.3, Author           Matichard, F., AuthorMatone, L., AuthorMavalvala, N., AuthorMcCann, J. J., AuthorMcCarthy, R., AuthorMcClelland, D. E., AuthorMcCormick, S., AuthorMcCuller, L., AuthorMcGuire, S. C., AuthorMcIsaac, C., AuthorMcIver, J., AuthorMcManus, D. J., AuthorMcRae, T., AuthorMcWilliams, S. T., AuthorMeacher, D., AuthorMeadors, G. D., AuthorMehmet, M.1, Author           Mehta, A. K., AuthorMeidam, J., AuthorVilla, E. Mejuto, AuthorMelatos, A., AuthorMendell, G., AuthorMercer, R. A., AuthorMereni, L., AuthorMerfeld, K., AuthorMerilh, E. L., AuthorMerzougui, M., AuthorMeshkov, S., AuthorMessenger, C., AuthorMessick, C., AuthorMessina, F., AuthorMetzdorff, R., AuthorMeyers, P. M., AuthorMeylahn, F.1, Author           Miani, A., AuthorMiao, H., AuthorMichel, C., AuthorMiddleton, H., AuthorMilano, L., AuthorMiller, A. L., AuthorMillhouse, M., AuthorMills, J. C., AuthorMilovich-Goff, M. C., AuthorMinazzoli, O., AuthorMinenkov, Y., AuthorMishkin, A., AuthorMishra, C., AuthorMistry, T., AuthorMitra, S., AuthorMitrofanov, V. P., AuthorMitselmakher, G., AuthorMittleman, R., AuthorMo, G., AuthorMoffa, D., AuthorMogushi, K., AuthorMohapatra, S. R. P., AuthorMolina-Ruiz, M., AuthorMondin, M., AuthorMontani, M., AuthorMoore, C. J., AuthorMoraru, D., AuthorMorawski, F., AuthorMoreno, G., AuthorMorisaki, S., AuthorMours, B., AuthorMow-Lowry, C. M., AuthorMuciaccia, F., AuthorMukherjee, A.4, Author           Mukherjee, D., AuthorMukherjee, S., AuthorMukherjee, Subroto, AuthorMukund, N.1, Author           Mullavey, A., AuthorMunch, J., AuthorMuñiz, E. A., AuthorMuratore, M., AuthorMurray, P. G., AuthorNagar, A., AuthorNardecchia, I., AuthorNaticchioni, L., AuthorNayak, R. K., AuthorNeil, B. F., AuthorNeilson, J., AuthorNelemans, G., AuthorNelson, T. J. N., AuthorNery, M.1, Author           Neunzert, A., AuthorNevin, L., AuthorNg, K. Y., AuthorNg, S., AuthorNguyen, C., AuthorNguyen, P., AuthorNichols, D., AuthorNichols, S. A., AuthorNissanke, S., AuthorNocera, F., AuthorNorth, C., AuthorNuttall, L. K., AuthorObergaulinger, M., AuthorOberling, J., AuthorO'Brien, B. D., AuthorOganesyan, G., AuthorOgin, G. H., AuthorOh, J. J., AuthorOh, S. H., AuthorOhme, F.5, Author           Ohta, H., AuthorOkada, M. A., AuthorOliver, M., AuthorOppermann, P.1, Author           Oram, Richard J., AuthorO'Reilly, B., AuthorOrmiston, R. G., AuthorOrtega, L. F., AuthorO'Shaughnessy, R., AuthorOssokine, S.3, Author           Ottaway, D. J., AuthorOvermier, H., AuthorOwen, B. J., AuthorPace, A. E., AuthorPagano, G., AuthorPage, M. A., AuthorPagliaroli, G., AuthorPai, A., AuthorPai, S. A., AuthorPalamos, J. R., AuthorPalashov, O., AuthorPalomba, C., AuthorPan, H., AuthorPanda, P. K., AuthorPang, P. T. H., AuthorPankow, C., AuthorPannarale, F., AuthorPant, B. C., AuthorPaoletti, F., AuthorPaoli, A., AuthorParida, A., AuthorParker, W., AuthorPascucci, D., AuthorPasqualetti, A., AuthorPassaquieti, R., AuthorPassuello, D., AuthorPatil, M., AuthorPatricelli, B., AuthorPayne, E., AuthorPearlstone, B. L., AuthorPechsiri, T. C., AuthorPedersen, A. J., AuthorPedraza, M., AuthorPedurand, R., AuthorPele, A., AuthorPenn, S., AuthorPerego, A., AuthorPerez, C. J., AuthorPérigois, C., AuthorPerreca, A., AuthorPetermann, J., AuthorPfeiffer, H.3, Author           Phelps, M.1, Author           Phukon, K. S., AuthorPiccinni, O. J., AuthorPichot, M., AuthorPiergiovanni, F., AuthorPierro, V., AuthorPillant, G., AuthorPinard, L., AuthorPinto, I. M., AuthorPirello, M., AuthorPitkin, M., AuthorPlastino, W., AuthorPoggiani, R., AuthorPong, D. Y. T., AuthorPonrathnam, S., AuthorPopolizio, P., AuthorPorter, E. K., AuthorPowell, J., AuthorPrajapati, A. K., AuthorPrasad, J., AuthorPrasai, K., AuthorPrasanna, R., AuthorPratten, G., AuthorPrestegard, T., AuthorPrincipe, M., AuthorProdi, G. A., AuthorProkhorov, L., AuthorPunturo, M., AuthorPuppo, P., AuthorPürrer, M.3, Author           Qi, H., AuthorQuetschke, V., AuthorQuinonez, P. J., AuthorRaab, F. J., AuthorRaaijmakers, G., AuthorRadkins, H., AuthorRadulesco, N., AuthorRaffai, P., AuthorRaja, S., AuthorRajan, C., AuthorRajbhandari, B., AuthorRakhmanov, M., AuthorRamirez, K. E., AuthorRamos-Buades, A., AuthorRana, Javed, AuthorRao, K., AuthorRapagnani, P., AuthorRaymond, V., AuthorRazzano, M., AuthorRead, J., AuthorRegimbau, T., AuthorRei, L., AuthorReid, S., AuthorReitze, D. H., AuthorRettegno, P., AuthorRicci, F., AuthorRichardson, C. J., AuthorRichardson, J. W., AuthorRicker, P. M., AuthorRiemenschneider, G., AuthorRiles, K., AuthorRizzo, M., AuthorRobertson, N. A., AuthorRobinet, F., AuthorRocchi, A., AuthorRolland, L., AuthorRollins, J. G., AuthorRoma, V. J., AuthorRomanelli., M., AuthorRomano, J., AuthorRomano, R., AuthorRomel, C. L., AuthorRomie, J. H., AuthorRose, C. A., AuthorRose, D., AuthorRose, K., AuthorRosińska, D., AuthorRosofsky, S. G., AuthorRoss, M. P., AuthorRowan, S., AuthorRüdiger, A.1, Author           Ruggi, P., AuthorRutins, G., AuthorRyan, K., AuthorSachdev, S., AuthorSadecki, T., AuthorSakellariadou, M., AuthorSalafia, O. S., AuthorSalconi, L., AuthorSaleem, M., AuthorSamajdar, A., AuthorSammut, L., AuthorSanchez, E. J., AuthorSanchez, L. E., AuthorSanchis-Gual, N., AuthorSanders, J. R., AuthorSantiago, K. A., AuthorSantos, E., AuthorSarin, N., AuthorSassolas, B., AuthorSathyaprakash, B. S., AuthorSauter, O., AuthorSavage, R. L., AuthorSchale, P., AuthorScheel, M., AuthorScheuer, J., AuthorSchmidt, P., AuthorSchnabel, R., AuthorSchofield, R. M. S., AuthorSchönbeck, A., AuthorSchreiber, E.1, Author           Schulte, B.1, Author           Schutz, B. F., AuthorScott, J., AuthorScott, S. M., AuthorSeidel, E., AuthorSellers, D., AuthorSengupta, A. S., AuthorSennett, N.3, Author           Sentenac, D., AuthorSequino, V., AuthorSergeev, A., AuthorSetyawati, Y. E.5, Author           Shaddock, D. A., AuthorShaffer, T., AuthorShahriar, M. S., AuthorShaner, M. B., AuthorSharma, A., AuthorSharma, P., AuthorShawhan, P., AuthorShen, H., AuthorShink, R., AuthorShoemaker, D. H., AuthorShoemaker, D. 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Affiliations:
1Laser Interferometry & Gravitational Wave Astronomy, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24010              
2AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, Hannover, DE, ou_24009              
3Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_1933290              
4Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24011              
5Binary Merger Observations and Numerical Relativity, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_2461691              
6Computational Relativistic Astrophysics, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_2541714              

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Free keywords: Astrophysics, Cosmology and Extragalactic Astrophysics, astro-ph.CO,General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc
 Abstract: This paper presents the gravitational-wave measurement of the Hubble constant
$H_0$ using the detections from the first and second observing runs of the
Advanced LIGO and Virgo detector network. The presence of the transient
electromagnetic counterpart of the binary neutron star GW170817 led to the
first standard-siren measurement of $H_0$. Here we additionally use binary
black hole detections in conjunction with galaxy catalogs and report a joint
measurement. Our updated measurement is $H_0= 68^{+14}_{-7} \, \mbox{km s}^{-1}
\,\mbox{Mpc}^{-1}$ ($68.3\%$ highest density posterior interval with a
flat-in-log prior) which is a 7\% improvement over the GW170817-only value of
$68^{+18}_{-8} \, \mbox{km s}^{-1} \,\mbox{Mpc}^{-1}$. A significant additional
contribution currently comes from GW170814, a loud and well-localized detection
from a part of the sky thoroughly covered by the Dark Energy Survey. Inclusion
of contributions from all binary black hole detections entails a thorough
marginalization over unknown population parameters. With numerous detections
anticipated over the upcoming years, an exhaustive understanding of other
systematic effects are also going to become increasingly important. These
results establish the path to cosmology using gravitational-wave observations
with and without transient electromagnetic counterparts.

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 Dates: 2019-08-162019-08-212021
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 19 pages, 6 figures
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Degree: -

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Title: The Astrophysical Journal
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Bristol; Vienna : IOP Publishing; IAEA
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 909 (2) Sequence Number: 218 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0004-637X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922828215_3