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  Large-scale mitogenomic analysis of the phylogeography of the Late Pleistocene cave bear

Gretzinger, J., Molak, M., Reiter, E., Pfrengle, S., Urban, C., Neukamm, J., et al. (2019). Large-scale mitogenomic analysis of the phylogeography of the Late Pleistocene cave bear. Scientific Reports, 9(1): 10700. doi:10.1038/s41598-019-47073-z.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-942D-3 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-942E-2
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Gretzinger, Joscha1, Author              
Molak, Martyna, Author
Reiter, Ella, Author
Pfrengle, Saskia, Author
Urban, Christian, Author
Neukamm, Judith, Author
Blant, Michel, Author
Conard, Nicholas J., Author
Cupillard, Christophe, Author
Dimitrijević, Vesna, Author
Drucker, Dorothée G., Author
Hofman-Kamińska, Emilia, Author
Kowalczyk, Rafat, Author
Krajcarz, Maciej T., Author
Krajcarz, Magdalena, Author
Münzel, Susanne C., Author
Peresani, Marco, Author
Romandini, Matteo, Author
Rufí, Isaac, Author
Soler, Joaquim, Author
Terlato, Gabriele, AuthorKrause, Johannes1, 2, Author              Bocherens, Hervé, AuthorSchuenemann, Verena J., Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2MHAAM, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541699              

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 Abstract: The cave bear (Ursus spelaeus) is one of the Late Pleistocene megafauna species that faced extinction at the end of the last ice age. Although it is represented by one of the largest fossil records in Europe and has been subject to several interdisciplinary studies including palaeogenetic research, its fate remains highly controversial. Here, we used a combination of hybridisation capture and next generation sequencing to reconstruct 59 new complete cave bear mitochondrial genomes (mtDNA) from 14 sites in Western, Central and Eastern Europe. In a Bayesian phylogenetic analysis, we compared them to 64 published cave bear mtDNA sequences to reconstruct the population dynamics and phylogeography during the Late Pleistocene. We found five major mitochondrial DNA lineages resulting in a noticeably more complex biogeography of the European lineages during the last 50,000 years than previously assumed. Furthermore, our calculated effective female population sizes suggest a drastic cave bear population decline starting around 40,000 years ago at the onset of the Aurignacian, coinciding with the spread of anatomically modern humans in Europe. Thus, our study supports a potential significant human role in the general extinction and local extirpation of the European cave bear and illuminates the fate of this megafauna species. © 2019, The Author(s).

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 20192019-12-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 11
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-47073-z
Other: shh2378
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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 9 (1) Sequence Number: 10700 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322