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  Mobility and diet in the Iron Age Pontic forest-steppe: A multi-isotopic study of urban populations at Bel'sk

Ventresca Miller, A. R., Johnson, J. A., Makhortykh, S., Litvinova, L., Taylor, T., Rolle, R., et al. (2019). Mobility and diet in the Iron Age Pontic forest-steppe: A multi-isotopic study of urban populations at Bel'sk. Archaeometry, 61(6): 12493, pp. 1399-1416. doi:10.1111/arcm.12493.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-9B58-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-4D65-2
Genre: Journal Article

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Description:
Figure S1. Environmental zones of Ukraine identifying zones of woodland, forest‐steppe, steppe, and mountainous zones (imposed over DEM)
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Table S1. Results of human osteological and isotopic analyses of enamel apatite (87Sr/86Sr, δ18O, δ13C)

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 Creators:
Ventresca Miller, Alicia R.1, Author              
Johnson, J. A., Author
Makhortykh, S., Author
Litvinova, L., Author
Taylor, T., Author
Rolle, R., Author
Makarewicz, C. A., Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Scythian, urban, stable isotope, agriculture, mobility, Iron Age, migration
 Abstract: High mobility among Scythian populations is often cited as the driving force behind pan-regional interactions and the spread of new material culture c.700–200 bce, when burgeoning socioeconomic interactions between the Greeks, Scythian steppe pastoralists and the agro-pastoral tribes of the forest-steppe played out across the region. While interregional mobility central to warrior lifestyles is assumed to have been a defining feature of Scythian populations, strikingly few studies have investigated human mobility among communities located along the steppe and forest-steppe boundary zone. Here, we document movement and dietary intake of individuals interred at Bel'sk, a large urban settlement in Ukraine, through strontium, oxygen and carbon isotope analyses of human tooth enamel. The results provide direct evidence for limited mobility among populations from Bel'sk, demonstrating the movement into, and out of, urban complexes. Strontium and oxygen isotope analyses reveal that groups at Bel'sk remained local to the urban complex. Dietary intake, reflected in carbon isotopes, was based on domesticated crops and livestock herding. The combination of low mobility alongside dietary evidence suggests local groups engaged in sedentary agro-pastoral subsistence strategies that contrast sharply with the picture of highly mobile Scythian herders dependent on livestock portrayed in historical sources.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-07-292019-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 18
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction
Materials and methods
- Establishing a local 87Sr/86Sr composition for Bel’sk
- The Bel’sk archaeological complex: Settlements and cemeteries
Results
- Archaeological human 87Sr/86Sr values
- Human δ18O
- Human δ13C
Discussion
- Low Sr isotope variation indicates localized mobility
- Difficulties of estimating mobility using O isotope variation
- Millet consumption among pastoral populations based on C isotope values
- Mobility and diet of urban populations
Conclusions



 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1111/arcm.12493
Other: shh2396
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Title: Archaeometry
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford : Oxford University, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 61 (6) Sequence Number: 12493 Start / End Page: 1399 - 1416 Identifier: ISSN: 0003-813X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925381004