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  A Neuro-Cognitive Theory of Relational Reasoning with Mental Models and Visual Images

Knauff, M. (2006). A Neuro-Cognitive Theory of Relational Reasoning with Mental Models and Visual Images. In C. Held, M. Knauff, & G. Vosgerau (Eds.), Mental Models and the Mind: Current Developments in Cognitive Psychology, Neuroscience, and Philosophy of Mind (pp. 127-152). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-9C90-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-9CCD-6
Genre: Book Chapter

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 Creators:
Knauff, M1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Recent brain imaging studies have provided evidence that the parietal cortex plays a key role in reasoning based on mental models, which are supposed to be of abstract spatial nature. However, these studies have also shown concurrent activation of visual association cortices which have often been interpreted as evidence for the role of visual mental imagery in reasoning. The present chapter resolves these inconsistencies. I argue that visual brain areas are only involved if the problem information is easy to visualize and when this information must be processed and maintained in visual working memory. A regular reasoning process, however, does not involve visual images but more abstract spatial representations—spatial mental models—held in parietal cortices. Only these spatial representations are crucial for the genuine reasoning processes.

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 Dates: 2006
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/S0166-4115(06)80031-2
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Title: Mental Models and the Mind: Current Developments in Cognitive Psychology, Neuroscience, and Philosophy of Mind
Source Genre: Book
 Creator(s):
Held, C, Editor
Knauff, M1, Editor            
Vosgerau, G, Editor            
Affiliations:
1 Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794            
Publ. Info: Amsterdam, The Netherlands : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 127 - 152 Identifier: ISBN: 978-0-444-52079-1

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Title: Advances in Psychology
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 138 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0166-4115