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  Differential benefits of mental training types for attention, compassion, and theory of mind

Trautwein, M., Kanske, P., Böckler, A., & Singer, T. (2020). Differential benefits of mental training types for attention, compassion, and theory of mind. Cognition, 194: 104039. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2019.104039.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-9E92-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-DB68-1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Trautwein, Mathis1, Author              
Kanske, Philipp2, 3, Author              
Böckler, Anne4, Author
Singer, Tania5, Author
Affiliations:
1Edmond Safra Brain Research Center, Faculty of Education, University of Haifa, Israel, ou_persistent22              
2Chair for Clinical Psychology and Behavioral Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, TU Dresden, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
4Department of Psychology, Julius Maximilian University, Würzburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Social Neuroscience Lab, Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Attention; Compassion; Mental training; Mindfulness meditation; Theory of mind
 Abstract: Mindfulness- and, more generally, meditation-based interventions increasingly gain popularity, effectively promoting cognitive, affective, and social capacities. It is unclear, however, if different types of practice have the same or specific effects on mental functioning. Here we tested three consecutive three-month training modules aimed at cultivating either attention, socio-affective qualities (such as compassion), or socio-cognitive skills (such as theory of mind), in three training cohorts and a retest control cohort (N = 332). While attentional performance improved most consistently after attention training, compassion increased most after socio-affective training and theory of mind partially improved after socio-cognitive training. These results show that specific mental training practices are needed to induce plasticity in different domains of mental functioning, providing a foundation for evidence-based development of more targeted interventions adapted to the needs of different education, labor, and health settings.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-07-242017-05-102019-08-042019-08-232020-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2019.104039
PMID: 31450018
Other: Epub ahead of print
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Funding organization : Max Planck Society
Project name : Plasticity of the Empathic Brain: Structural and Functional MRI Studies on the Effect of Empathy Training on the Human Brain and Prosocial Behaviour / EMPATHICBRAIN
Grant ID : 205557
Funding program : Funding Programme 7
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)

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Title: Cognition
  Other : Cognition
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 194 Sequence Number: 104039 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0010-0277
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925391298