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  Thinking in action: Need for cognition predicts self-control together with action orientation

Grass, J., Krieger, F., Paulus, P. C., Greiff, S., Strobel, A., & Strobel, A. (2019). Thinking in action: Need for cognition predicts self-control together with action orientation. PLoS One, 14(8): e0220282. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220282.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-9E0C-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0007-0025-F
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Grass, Julia1, Author
Krieger, Florian2, Author
Paulus, Philipp C.1, Author              
Greiff, Samuel2, Author
Strobel, Anja1, Author
Strobel, Alexander1, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychology, TU Chemnitz, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Institute of Cognitive Science and Assessment, University of Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Need for Cognition describes relatively stable interindividual differences in cognitive motivation. Previous research has shown relations of Need for Cognition to Self-Control–a capacity that can be broadly defined as resistance to temptation–yet, the processes underlying this relation remain unclear. One explanation for the prediction of Self-Control by Need for Cognition can be an increased motivation to invest cognitive effort with higher levels of Need for Cognition. Another possible link could be that individual differences in the implementation of Self-Control intentions may play a moderating or mediating role for the predictive value of Need for Cognition. Such individual differences in the self-motivated initiation and maintenance of intentions are described by dispositional Action Orientation. Therefore, in the present study, Action Orientation was examined with regard to its possible role in explaining the relation of Need for Cognition to Self-Control. In a sample of 1209 young adults, Self-Control was assessed with two different self-report instruments and moderation and mediation models of the relationship between Need for Cognition, Action Orientation, and Self-Control were tested. While there was no evidence for a moderating role of Action Orientation in explaining the relation of Need for Cognition and Self-Control, Action Orientation was found to partly mediate this relation with a remaining direct effect of Need for Cognition on Self-Control. These results add to the conceptual understanding of Need for Cognition and demonstrate the relevance of trait variables to predict Self-Control.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-11-232019-07-142019-08-01
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0220282
Other: eCollection 2019
PMID: 31369611
PMC: PMC6675071
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Project name : Volition und kognitive Kontrolle: Mechanismen, Modulatoren, Dysfunktionen / SFB 940/2
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Funding program : -
Funding organization : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)

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Title: PLoS One
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 14 (8) Sequence Number: e0220282 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1932-6203
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000277850