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  Interrelation of attention and prediction in visual processing: Effects of task-relevance and stimulus probability

Marzecová, A., Widmann, A., SanMiguel, I., Kotz, S. A., & Schröger, E. (2017). Interrelation of attention and prediction in visual processing: Effects of task-relevance and stimulus probability. Biological Psychology, 125, 76-90. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.02.009.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-A94D-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-A94E-7
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Marzecová , Anna1, 2, Author
Widmann, Andreas1, Author
SanMiguel, Iria3, 4, 5, Author
Kotz, Sonja A.2, 6, Author              
Schröger, Erich1, Author
Affiliations:
1Institute of Psychology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, Leipzig, DE, ou_634551              
3Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Spain, ou_persistent22              
4Institute of Neurosciences, University of Barcelona, Spain, ou_persistent22              
5Institut de Recerca Pediàtrica Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, Spain, ou_persistent22              
6Department of Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology, Maastricht University, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Attention; ERP; Prediction; Predictive coding; Sensory gain; Visual perception; vMMN
 Abstract: The potentially interactive influence of attention and prediction was investigated by measuring event-related potentials (ERPs) in a spatial cueing task with attention (task-relevant) and prediction (probabilistic) cues. We identified distinct processing stages of this interactive influence. Firstly, in line with the attentional gain hypothesis, a larger amplitude response of the contralateral N1, and Nd1 for attended gratings was observed. Secondly, conforming to the attenuation-by-prediction hypothesis, a smaller negativity in the time window directly following the peak of the N1 component for predicted compared to unpredicted gratings was observed. In line with the hypothesis that attention and prediction interface, unpredicted/unattended stimuli elicited a larger negativity at central-parietal sites, presumably reflecting an increased prediction error signal. Thirdly, larger P3 responses to unpredicted stimuli pointed to the updating of an internal model. Attention and prediction can be considered as differentiated mechanisms that may interact at different processing stages to optimise perception.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2017-02-232016-01-272017-02-272017-03-092017-04
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: The potentially interactive influence of attention and prediction was investigated by measuring event-related potentials (ERPs) in a spatial cueing task with attention (task-relevant) and prediction (probabilistic) cues. We identified distinct processing stages of this interactive influence. Firstly, in line with the attentional gain hypothesis, a larger amplitude response of the contralateral N1, and Nd1 for attended gratings was observed. Secondly, conforming to the attenuation-by-prediction hypothesis, a smaller negativity in the time window directly following the peak of the N1 component for predicted compared to unpredicted gratings was observed. In line with the hypothesis that attention and prediction interface, unpredicted/unattended stimuli elicited a larger negativity at central-parietal sites, presumably reflecting an increased prediction error signal. Thirdly, larger P3 responses to unpredicted stimuli pointed to the updating of an internal model. Attention and prediction can be considered as differentiated mechanisms that may interact at different processing stages to optimise perception.
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2017.02.009
PMID: 28257808
Other: Epub 2017
 Degree: -

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Title: Biological Psychology
  Other : Biol. Psychol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 125 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 76 - 90 Identifier: ISSN: 0301-0511
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925509377