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  Ion beam analysis of microcrystalline quartz artifacts from the Reed Mound Site, Delaware County, Oklahoma

Younger-Mertz, S., Manuel, J. E., Reinert, T., Szilasi, S., Hammerstedt, S., & Glass, G. (2015). Ion beam analysis of microcrystalline quartz artifacts from the Reed Mound Site, Delaware County, Oklahoma. Physics Procedia, 66, 305-320. doi:10.1016/j.phpro.2015.05.039.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-CD7F-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-CD85-F
Genre: Journal Article

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Younger-Mertz_2015.pdf (Publisher version), 3MB
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 Creators:
Younger-Mertz, S.B.1, 2, Author
Manuel, J. E.3, Author
Reinert, Tilo3, Author              
Szilasi, S.Z.3, Author
Hammerstedt, S.W.4, Author
Glass, G.A.3, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Anthropology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, ou_persistent22              
3Ion Beam Modification and Analysis Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, TX, ou_persistent22              
4Oklahoma Archaeological Survey, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: IBA; PIXE; archaeometry; Mississippian Archaeology;chert provenance; microcrystalline quartz
 Abstract: Ion beam analysis (IBA) has been a powerful, non-destructive tool for archaeological research worldwide for over four decades, yet its full potential is seldom realized in North American archaeology. Herein the potential of particle induced X-ray emission spectrometry (PIXE) as a tool for future Ozarks chert provenance studies is evaluated based on its ability to facilitate (1) discrimination of Ozarks chert materials from different geological formations and (2) identification of discrete groups of artifacts from the same geological formation. In addition, PIXE was also used to evaluate the elemental heterogeneity of Ozarks chert materials. Thirty chert (microcrystalline quartz) artifacts were visually sorted and classified according to macroscopic features characteristic of certain chert resources from particular Ozarks geological formations. The elemental concentrations obtained from PIXE analysis underwent multivariate statistical analyses in order to gain insight from the data. The results indicate that PIXE could be a useful tool for assigning Ozarks chert materials to their respective geological formations, and possibly for determining regional or sub-regional provenance.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015-06-182015
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.phpro.2015.05.039
BibTex Citekey: Younger-Mertz:2014
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Title: Physics Procedia
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier B.V.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 66 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 305 - 320 Identifier: ISSN: 1875-3884
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1875-3884