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  Recursive hierarchical embedding in vision is impaired by posterior middle temporal gyrus lesions

Martins, M., Krause, C. D., Neville, D., Pino, D., Villringer, A., & Obrig, H. (2019). Recursive hierarchical embedding in vision is impaired by posterior middle temporal gyrus lesions. Brain, 142(10), 3217-3229. doi:10.1093/brain/awz242.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-C61E-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-0EE4-B
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Martins, Mauricio1, 2, Author              
Krause, Carina Denise2, 3, Author              
Neville, David2, Author
Pino, Daniéle1, 2, Author              
Villringer, Arno1, 2, Author              
Obrig, Hellmuth1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
2External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
3Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              

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Free keywords: hierarchy; visuospatial; lesion; syntax; inferior frontal gyrus
 Abstract: The generation of hierarchical structures is central to language, music and complex action. Understanding this capacity and its potential impairments requires mapping its underlying cognitive processes to the respective neuronal underpinnings. In language, left Inferior Frontal Gyrus (IFG) and left posterior Temporal Cortex (pTC: STS/MTG) are considered hubs for syntactic processing. However, it is unclear whether these regions support computations specific to language or more generally support analyses of hierarchical structure. Here, we address this issue by investigating hierarchical processing in a non-linguistic task. We test the ability to represent Recursive Hierarchical Embedding (RHE) in the visual domain by contrasting a recursion task (REC) with an iteration task (ITE). REC requires participants to correctly identify continuations of a hierarchy generating procedure, while ITE applies a serial procedure which does not generate new hierarchical levels. In a lesion-based approach, we asked 44 patients with left hemispheric chronic brain lesion to perform REC and ITE. We modelled accuracies and response times with a drift diffusion model and for each participant obtained parametric estimates for the velocity of information accumulation (drift rates) and for the amount of information needed to make the decision (boundary separation). We then used these estimates in lesion-behaviour analyses to investigate how brain lesions affect specific aspects of RHE. We found that lesions in the posterior temporal cortex (pTC) decreased drift rate in RHE, suggesting an impaired process of rule extraction from recursive structures. Moreover, lesions in IFG decreased boundary separation. The latter finding does not survive conservative correction but suggests a shift in the decision criterion. Since patients also participated in a grammar comprehension experiment, we performed explorative correlation-analyses and found that visual and linguistic RHE accuracies are correlated when the latter is instantiated as sentences with two nested embedding levels. While the roles of IFG and pTC in linguistic processes are well established, here we show that pTC lesions slow information accumulation (drift rate) in the visual domain. This suggests that pTC is essential to acquire the (knowledge) representations necessary to parse RHE in visual structures, a finding mimicking language acquisition in young children. On the contrary, IFG lesions seem to affect RHE processing by interfering with more general cognitive control (boundary separation). This interesting separation of roles, rooted on a domain-general taxonomy, raises the question of whether such cognitive framing is also applicable to other domains.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-06-112018-11-262019-06-162019-09-272019-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/brain/awz242
PMID: 31560064
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Funding organization : Max Planck Society

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Title: Brain
  Other : Brain
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Macmillan
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 142 (10) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 3217 - 3229 Identifier: ISSN: 0006-8950
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925385135