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  Differential place marking and differential object marking

Haspelmath, M. (2019). Differential place marking and differential object marking. Language Typology and Universals, 72(3), 313-334. doi:10.1515/stuf-2019-0013.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-CECF-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-CED0-9
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Haspelmath, Martin1, Author              
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1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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Free keywords: asymmetric coding; differential coding; efficient coding; frequency; universals
 Abstract: This paper gives an overview of differential place marking phenomena and formulates a number of universals that seem to be well supported. Differential place marking is a situation in which the coding of locative, allative or ablative roles depends on subclasses of nouns, in particular place names (toponyms), inanimate common nouns and human nouns. When languages show asymmetric coding differences depending on such subclasses, they show shorter (and often zero) coding of place roles with toponyms, and longer (often adpositional rather than affixal) coding of place roles with human nouns. Like differential object marking, differential place marking can be explained by frequency asymmetries, expectations derived from frequencies, and the general preference for efficient coding. I also argue that differential place marking patterns provide an argument against the need to appeal to ambiguity avoidance to explain differential object marking.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-09-28
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 22
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1515/stuf-2019-0013
Other: shh2405
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Title: Language Typology and Universals
  Other : Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung
  Abbreviation : STUF
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Berlin : De Gruyter Akademie
Pages: 155 Volume / Issue: 72 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 313 - 334 Identifier: ISSN: 2196-7148
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2196-7148