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  Tracking Five Millennia of Horse Management with Extensive Ancient Genome Time Series

Fages, A., Hanghøj, K., Khan, N., Gaunitz, C., Seguin-Orlando, A., Leonardi, M., et al. (2019). Tracking Five Millennia of Horse Management with Extensive Ancient Genome Time Series. Cell, 177(6), 1419-1435.e31. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.049.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-D2A3-6 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-D2A4-5
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Fages, Antoine1, Author
Hanghøj, Kristian, Author
Khan, Naveed, Author
Gaunitz, Charleen, Author
Seguin-Orlando, Andaine, Author
Leonardi, Michela, Author
Constantz, Christian McCrory, Author
Gamba, Cristina, Author
Al-Rasheid, Khaled A.S., Author
Albizuri, Silvia, Author
Alfarhan, Ahmed H., Author
Allentoft, Morten, Author
Alquraishi, Saleh, Author
Anthony, David, Author
Baimukhanov, Nurbol, Author
Barrett, James H., Author
Bayarsaikhan, Jamsranjav, Author
Benecke, Norbert, Author
Bernáldez-Sánchez, Eloísa, Author
Berrocal-Rangel, Luis, Author
Biglari, Fereidoun, AuthorBoessenkool, Sanne, AuthorBoldgiv, Bazartseren, AuthorBrem, Gottfried, AuthorBrown, Dorcas, AuthorBurger, Joachim, AuthorCrubézy, Eric, AuthorDaugnora, Linas, AuthorDavoudi, Hossein, Authorde Damgaard, Peter Barros, Authorde de de Villa-Ceballos, María los Ángeles Chorro y, AuthorDeschler-Erb, Sabine, AuthorDetry, Cleia, AuthorDill, Nadine, AuthorOom, Maria do Mar, AuthorDohr, Anna, AuthorEllingvåg, Sturla, AuthorErdenebaatar, Diimaajav, AuthorFathi, Homa, AuthorFelkel, Sabine, AuthorFernández-Rodríguez, Carlos, AuthorGarcía-Viñas, Esteban, AuthorGermonpré, Mietje, AuthorGranado, José D., AuthorHallsson, Jón H., AuthorHemmer, Helmut, AuthorHofreiter, Michael, AuthorKasparov, Aleksei, AuthorKhasanov, Mutalib, AuthorKhazaeli, Roya, AuthorKosintsev, Pavel, AuthorKristiansen, Kristian, AuthorKubatbek, Tabaldiev, AuthorKuderna, Lukas, AuthorKuznetsov, Pavel, AuthorLaleh, Haeedeh, AuthorLeonard, Jennifer A., AuthorLhuillier, Johanna, Authorvon Lettow-Vorbeck, Corina Liesau, AuthorLogvin, Andrey, AuthorLõugas, Lembi, AuthorLudwig, Arne, AuthorLuis, Cristina, AuthorArruda, Ana Margarida, AuthorMarques-Bonet, Tomas, AuthorSilva, Raquel Matoso, AuthorMerz, Victor, AuthorMijiddorj, Enkhbayar, AuthorMiller, Bryan K., AuthorMonchalov, Oleg, AuthorMohaseb, Fatemeh A., AuthorMorales, Arturo, AuthorNieto-Espinet, Ariadna, AuthorNistelberger, Heidi, AuthorOnar, Vedat, AuthorPálsdóttir, Albína H., AuthorPitulko, Vladimir, AuthorPitskhelauri, Konstantin, AuthorPruvost, Mélanie, AuthorSikanjic, Petra Rajic, AuthorPapeša, Anita Rapan, AuthorRoslyakova, Natalia, AuthorSardari, Alireza, AuthorSauer, Eberhard, AuthorSchafberg, Renate, AuthorScheu, Amelie, AuthorSchibler, Jörg, AuthorSchlumbaum, Angela, AuthorSerrand, Nathalie, AuthorSerres-Armero, Aitor, AuthorShapiro, Beth, AuthorSeno, Shiva Sheikhi, AuthorShevnina, Irina, AuthorShidrang, Sonia, AuthorSouthon, John, AuthorStar, Bastiaan, AuthorSykes, Naomi, AuthorTaheri, Kamal, AuthorTaylor, William Timothy Treal1, Author              Teegen, Wolf-Rüdiger, AuthorVukičević, Tajana Trbojević, AuthorTrixl, Simon, AuthorTumen, Dashzeveg, AuthorUndrakhbold, Sainbileg, AuthorUsmanova, Emma, AuthorVahdati, Ali, AuthorValenzuela-Lamas, Silvia, AuthorViegas, Catarina, AuthorWallner, Barbara, AuthorWeinstock, Jaco, AuthorZaibert, Victor, AuthorClavel, Benoit, AuthorLepetz, Sébastien, AuthorMashkour, Marjan, AuthorHelgason, Agnar, AuthorStefánsson, Kári, AuthorBarrey, Eric, AuthorWillerslev, Eske, AuthorOutram, Alan K., AuthorLibrado, Pablo, AuthorOrlando, Ludovic, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: ancient DNA, domestication, animal breeding, horses, mules, extinct lineages, selection, diversity, management, equestrian civilizations
 Abstract: Summary Horse domestication revolutionized warfare and accelerated travel, trade, and the geographic expansion of languages. Here, we present the largest DNA time series for a non-human organism to date, including genome-scale data from 149 ancient animals and 129 ancient genomes (≥1-fold coverage), 87 of which are new. This extensive dataset allows us to assess the modern legacy of past equestrian civilizations. We find that two extinct horse lineages existed during early domestication, one at the far western (Iberia) and the other at the far eastern range (Siberia) of Eurasia. None of these contributed significantly to modern diversity. We show that the influence of Persian-related horse lineages increased following the Islamic conquests in Europe and Asia. Multiple alleles associated with elite-racing, including at the MSTN “speed gene,” only rose in popularity within the last millennium. Finally, the development of modern breeding impacted genetic diversity more dramatically than the previous millennia of human management.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-05-022019-05-30
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 49
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2019.03.049
Other: shh2413
 Degree: -

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Title: Cell
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge, Mass. : Cell Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 177 (6) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1419 - 1435.e31 Identifier: ISSN: 0092-8674
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925463183