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  Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use

Stephens, L., Fuller, D., Boivin, N. L., Rick, T., Gauthier, N., Kay, A., et al. (2019). Archaeological assessment reveals Earth’s early transformation through land use. Science, 365(6456), 897-902. doi:10.1126/science.aax1192.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-D4D2-F Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-D4D3-E
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Stephens, Lucas, Author
Fuller, Dorian, Author
Boivin, Nicole L.1, Author              
Rick, Torben, Author
Gauthier, Nicolas, Author
Kay, Andrea1, Author              
Marwick, Ben, Author
Armstrong, Chelsey Geralda, Author
Barton, C. Michael, Author
Denham, Tim, Author
Douglass, Kristina, Author
Driver, Jonathan, Author
Janz, Lisa, Author
Roberts, Patrick, Author
Rogers, J. Daniel, Author
Heather, Thakar, Author
Altaweel, Mark, Author
Johnson, Amber L., Author
Sampietro Vattuone, Maria Marta, Author
Aldenderfer, Mark, Author
Archila, Sonia, AuthorArtioli, Gilberto, AuthorBale, Martin T., AuthorBeach, Timothy, AuthorBorrell, Ferran, AuthorBraje, Todd, AuthorBuckland, Philip I., AuthorJiménez Cano, Nayeli Guadalupe, AuthorCapriles, José M., AuthorDiez Castillo, Agustín, AuthorCilingiroglu, Ciler, AuthorNegus Cleary, Michelle, AuthorConolly, James, AuthorCoutros, Peter R., AuthorCovey, R. Alan, AuthorCremaschi, Mauro, AuthorCrowther, Alison1, Author              Der, Lindsay, Authordi Lernia, Savino, AuthorDoershuk, John F., AuthorDoolittle, William E., AuthorEdwards, Kevin J., AuthorErlandson, Jon M., AuthorEvans, Damian, AuthorFairbairn, Andrew, AuthorFaulkner, Patrick, AuthorFeinman, Gary, AuthorFernandes, Ricardo1, Author              Fitzpatrick, Scott M., AuthorFyfe, Ralph, AuthorGarcea, Elena, AuthorGoldstein, Steven T.1, Author              Goodman, Reed Charles, AuthorDalpoim Guedes, Jade, AuthorHerrmann, Jason, AuthorHiscock, Peter, AuthorHommel, Peter, AuthorHorsburgh, K. Ann, AuthorHritz, Carrie, AuthorIves, John W., AuthorJunno, Aripekka, AuthorKahn, Jennifer G., AuthorKaufman, Brett, AuthorKearns, Catherine, AuthorKidder, Tristram R., AuthorLanoë, Francois, AuthorLawrence, Dan, AuthorLee, Gyoung-Ah, AuthorLevin, Maureece J., AuthorLindskoug, Henrik B., AuthorLópez-Sáez, José Antonio, AuthorMacrae, Scott, AuthorMarchant, Rob, AuthorMarston, John M., AuthorMcClure, Sarah, AuthorMcCoy, Mark D., AuthorVentresca Miller, Alicia R.1, Author              Morrison, Michael, AuthorMotuzaite Matuzeviciute, Giedre, AuthorMüller, Johannes, AuthorNayak, Ayushi1, Author              Noerwidi, Sofwan, AuthorPeres, Tanya M., AuthorPeterson, Christian E., AuthorProctor, Lucas, AuthorRandall, Asa R., AuthorRenette, Steve, AuthorRobbins Schug, Gwen, AuthorRyzewski, Krysta, AuthorSaini, Rakesh, AuthorScheinsohn, Vivian, AuthorSchmidt, Peter, AuthorSebillaud, Pauline, AuthorSeitsonen, Oula, AuthorSimpson, Ian A., AuthorSołtysiak, Arkadiusz, AuthorSpeakman, Robert J., AuthorSpengler III, Robert N.1, Author              Steffen, Martina L., AuthorStorozum, Michael J., AuthorStrickland, Keir M., AuthorThompson, Jessica, AuthorThurston, T. L., AuthorUlm, Sean, AuthorUstunkaya, M. Cemre, AuthorWelker, Martin H., AuthorWest, Catherine, AuthorWilliams, Patrick Ryan, AuthorWright, David K., AuthorWright, Nathan, AuthorZahir, Muhammad, AuthorZerboni, Andrea, AuthorBeaudoin, Ella, AuthorMunevar Garcia, Santiago, AuthorPowell, Jeremy, AuthorThornton, Alexa, AuthorKaplan, Jed O.1, Author              Gaillard, Marie-José, AuthorKlein Goldewijk, Kees, AuthorEllis, Erle, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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 Abstract: Humans began to leave lasting impacts on Earth’s surface starting 10,000 to 8000 years ago. Through a synthetic collaboration with archaeologists around the globe, Stephens et al. compiled a comprehensive picture of the trajectory of human land use worldwide during the Holocene (see the Perspective by Roberts). Hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists transformed the face of Earth earlier and to a greater extent than has been widely appreciated, a transformation that was essentially global by 3000 years before the present.Science, this issue p. 897; see also p. 865Environmentally transformative human use of land accelerated with the emergence of agriculture, but the extent, trajectory, and implications of these early changes are not well understood. An empirical global assessment of land use from 10,000 years before the present (yr B.P.) to 1850 CE reveals a planet largely transformed by hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists by 3000 years ago, considerably earlier than the dates in the land-use reconstructions commonly used by Earth scientists. Synthesis of knowledge contributed by more than 250 archaeologists highlighted gaps in archaeological expertise and data quality, which peaked for 2000 yr B.P. and in traditionally studied and wealthier regions. Archaeological reconstruction of global land-use history illuminates the deep roots of Earth{’s transformation and challenges the emerging Anthropocene paradigm that large-scale anthropogenic global environmental change is mostly a recent phenomenon.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-08-302019-08
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 8
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1126/science.aax1192
Other: shh2431
 Degree: -

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Title: Science
  Other : Science
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, D.C. : American Association for the Advancement of Science
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 365 (6456) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 897 - 902 Identifier: ISSN: 0036-8075
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/991042748276600_1