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  Patterns of thought: Population variation in the associations between large-scale network organisation and self-reported experiences at rest

Wang, H.-T., Bzdok, D., Margulies, D. S., Craddock, C., Milham, M., Jefferies, E., et al. (2018). Patterns of thought: Population variation in the associations between large-scale network organisation and self-reported experiences at rest. NeuroImage, 176, 518-527. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.04.064.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-DA7A-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-E489-0
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Wang, Hao-Ting1, Author
Bzdok, Danilo 1, Author
Margulies, Daniel S.2, Author              
Craddock, Cameron 1, Author
Milham, Michael 1, Author
Jefferies, Elizabeth 1, Author
Smallwood, Jonathan 1, Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Max Planck Research Group Neuroanatomy and Connectivity, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_1356546              

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 Abstract: Contemporary cognitive neuroscience recognises unconstrained processing varies across individuals, describing variation in meaningful attributes, such as intelligence. It may also have links to patterns of on-going experience. This study examined whether dimensions of population variation in different modes of unconstrained processing can be described by the associations between patterns of neural activity and self-reports of experience during the same period. We selected 258 individuals from a publicly available data set who had measures of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, and self-reports of experience during the scan. We used machine learning to determine patterns of association between the neural and self-reported data, finding variation along four dimensions. ‘Purposeful’ experiences were associated with lower connectivity - in particular default mode and limbic networks were less correlated with attention and sensorimotor networks. ‘Emotional’ experiences were associated with higher connectivity, especially between limbic and ventral attention networks. Experiences focused on themes of ‘personal importance’ were associated with reduced functional connectivity within attention and control systems. Finally, visual experiences were associated with stronger connectivity between visual and other networks, in particular the limbic system. Some of these patterns had contrasting links with cognitive function as assessed in a separate laboratory session - purposeful thinking was linked to greater intelligence and better abstract reasoning, while a focus on personal importance had the opposite relationship. Together these findings are consistent with an emerging literature on unconstrained states and also underlines that these states are heterogeneous, with distinct modes of population variation reflecting the interplay of different large-scale networks.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-05-252018-03-272018-04-282018-05-042018-08-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.04.064
PMID: 29733956
Other: Epub 2018
 Degree: -

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Project name : Wedding bells or bedding wells? Lexical and semantic influences on phoneme binding / SEMBIND
Grant ID : 283530
Funding program : Funding Programme 7
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)
Project name : Not all minds that wander are lost: A neurocognitive test of mind-wandering state’s contribution to human cognition / WANDERINGMINDS
Grant ID : 646927
Funding program : Horizon 2020
Funding organization : European Commission (EC)
Project name : Wandering Minds: Interdisciplinary Experiments on Self-Generated Thought
Grant ID : 89440 ; 89439
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Volkswagen Foundation
Project name : “Prospective Psychology Stage 2: A Research Competition”
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : John Templeton Foundation
Project name : -
Grant ID : BZ2/2-1 ; BZ2/3-1 ; BZ2/4-1
Funding program : -
Funding organization : German Research Foundation (DFG)
Project name : Neuronale Grundlagen der Modulation von Aggression und Impulsivität im Rahmen von Psychopathologie / GRK 2150
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : German Research Foundation (DFG)
Project name : -
Grant ID : -
Funding program : Amazon AWS Research Grant
Funding organization : Amazon
Project name : -
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : German National Academic Foundation
Project name : -
Grant ID : -
Funding program : START-Program of the Faculty of Medicine and an Exploratory Research Space Seed Fund
Funding organization : RWTH Aachen University

Source 1

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Title: NeuroImage
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Orlando, FL : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 176 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 518 - 527 Identifier: ISSN: 1053-8119
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922650166