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  Perspective change and personality state variability: An argument for the role of self-awareness and an outlook on bidirectionality (commentary on Wundrack et al., 2018)

Jauck, E., & Kanske, P. (2019). Perspective change and personality state variability: An argument for the role of self-awareness and an outlook on bidirectionality (commentary on Wundrack et al., 2018). Journal of Intelligence, 7(2): 10. doi:10.3390/jintelligence7020010.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-DD29-6 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-E4DE-1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Jauck, Emanuel1, Author
Kanske, Philipp2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Chair for Clinical Psychology and Behavioral Neuroscience, Faculty of Psychology, TU Dresden, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Research Group Social Stress and Family Health, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_3025667              

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Free keywords: Perspective-taking; Theory of mind; Personality states; Intraindividual variability; Self-awareness
 Abstract: In a recent article, Wundrack et al. (2018) put forward an elaborate and intriguing hypothesis on enhanced perspective-taking (Theory of Mind) ability as a consequence of higher personality state variability. While there is evidence in favor of this hypothesis, the clinical examples of bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder, as highlighted by the authors, demonstrate that a high state variability can also be accompanied by a lower perspective-taking ability (as commonly observed in these disorders). We suggest that only those state changes which are initiated on a voluntary basis and are accompanied by self-awareness go along with a higher perspective-taking ability. Introducing self-awareness as a moderating factor might help explain seemingly conflicting findings related to the hypothesis proposed in the target article. Moreover, we argue that the direction of causality proposed in the target article is not the only conceivable one, and perspective-taking ability could also be a cause, not just a consequence, of personality state variability. Finally, we provide suggestions on how these hypotheses could be tested in future studies

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-03-192019-02-072019-04-112019-04-17
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3390/jintelligence7020010
PMID: 31162389
PMC: 31162389
PII: E10
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Title: Journal of Intelligence
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Basel : MDPI
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 (2) Sequence Number: 10 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2079-3200
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2079-3200