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  The processing of linguistic prominence

Kember, H., Choi, J., Yu, J., & Cutler, A. (2019). The processing of linguistic prominence. Language and Speech. Advance online publication. doi:10.1177/0023830919880217.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-E253-F Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-E2D6-B
Genre: Journal Article

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Kember, Heather, Author
Choi, Jiyoun, Author              
Yu, Jenny, Author
Cutler, Anne1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Emeriti, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, ou_2344699              
2Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Prominence, the expression of informational weight within utterances, can be signaled by prosodic highlighting (head-prominence, as in English) or by position (as in Korean edge-prominence). Prominence confers processing advantages, even if conveyed only by discourse manipulations. Here we compared processing of prominence in English and Korean, using a task that indexes processing success, namely recognition memory. In each language, participants’ memory was tested for target words heard in sentences in which they were prominent due to prosody, position, both or neither. Prominence produced recall advantage, but the relative effects differed across language. For Korean listeners the positional advantage was greater, but for English listeners prosodic and syntactic prominence had equivalent and additive effects. In a further experiment semantic and phonological foils tested depth of processing of the recall targets. Both foil types were correctly rejected, suggesting that semantic processing had not reached the level at which word form was no longer available. Together the results suggest that prominence processing is primarily driven by universal effects of information structure; but language-specific differences in frequency of experience prompt different relative advantages of prominence signal types. Processing efficiency increases in each case, however, creating more accurate and more rapidly contactable memory representations.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-10-21
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1177/0023830919880217
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Title: Language and Speech. Advance online publication
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0023-8309
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925264209