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  Intramyocellular lipid saturation as a new metabolic biomarker

Mezincescu, A., Ahearn, T., Rudd, A., Cheyne, L., Scally, C., Horgan, G., et al. (2019). Intramyocellular lipid saturation as a new metabolic biomarker. Poster presented at European Society of Cardiology Congress (ESC 2019), World Congress of Cardiology, Paris, France.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-F6F2-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0004-F72E-3
Genre: Poster

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 Creators:
Mezincescu, AM, Author
Ahearn, T, Author
Rudd, AE, Author
Cheyne, L, Author
Scally, C, Author
Horgan, G, Author
Philip, S, Author
Delibegovic, M, Author
Thies, F, Author
Gray, S, Author
Henning, A1, 2, Author              
Dawson, DK, Author
Affiliations:
1Research Group MR Spectroscopy and Ultra-High Field Methodology, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_2528692              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Background: Endurance trained athletic healthy volunteers (Athl-HV) and type 2 diabetes patients (T2D) have higher levels of lipids in their skele- tal myocytes compared to healthy controls. Despite apparently similar metabolic storage, they are at opposite ends of insulin sensitivity and cardio-metabolic risk. Purpose: We investigated if the degree of saturation of the IntraMyoCel- lular Lipids (IMCL) will differentiate Athl-HV from T2D; and explored if an exercise intervention will induce changes in the IMCL saturation. Methods: Male, age matched Athl-HV and T2D were enrolled (n=25/group). Athl-HV had ≥ 5 years endurance training, T2D were seden- tary. Subjects were studied at baseline and after an exercise intervention (4 week deconditioning in Athl-HV and supervised bike training at ≥ 65% of peakVO2, 5 hours/week x 8 weeks in T2D). All subjects underwent cardio-pulmonary exercise testing (CPET), blood sampling for insulin sen- sitivity (QUICKI*) and single voxel 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) of the right vastus lateralis. 1H-MRS was acquired on 3T Philips Achieva with a 16-channel coil, point-resolved spectroscopy, variable pulse power and optimized relaxation delay water suppression and analysed in LCModel. We derived fractional lipid mass (fLM) and fractions of saturated (fSL) and unsaturated (fUL) lipids. Data were analysed by t tests, shown as mean±SEM, statistical significance p < 0.05. Results: CPET and insulin sensitivity are presented in Table 1. T2D had higher fLM in the skeletal muscle compared to Athl-HV, at base- line (p=0.003) and after the exercise intervention (p=0.009), Figure 1A. At baseline, T2D had a different phenotype with a lower fSL and higher fUL compared to Athl-HV (82±3 vs 88±1% and 18±3 vs 12±1%, p=0.02 for both). Whilst deconditioning did not attract any significant changes in either fSL or fUL in Athl-HV (88±1 to 86±1% and 12±1 to 14±1, p=0.2), in contrast, with exercise training T2D significantly increased fSL (82±3 to 88±1%) and decreased their fUL (18±3 to 12±1%) (both p=0.01). Figure 1B and 1C. Conclusion: We demonstrate for the first time, in vivo, significant differ- ences in the IMCL amount and saturation between Athl-HV and T2D. IMCL saturation was changed by exercise training in T2D to mirror the phenotype seen in Athl-HV uncovering a new, independent biomarker of improved cardio-metabolic health.

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 Dates: 2019-09
 Publication Status: Published online
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Title: European Society of Cardiology Congress (ESC 2019), World Congress of Cardiology
Place of Event: Paris, France
Start-/End Date: 2019-08-31 - 2019-09-04

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Title: European Society of Cardiology Congress (ESC 2019), World Congress of Cardiology
Source Genre: Proceedings
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: P6203 Start / End Page: 3814 Identifier: -