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  An uncertainty principle for star formation – IV. On the nature and filtering of diffuse emission

Hygate, A. P. S., Kruijssen, J. M. D., Chevance, M., Schruba, A., Haydon, D. T., & Longmore, S. N. (2019). An uncertainty principle for star formation – IV. On the nature and filtering of diffuse emission. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 488(2), 2800-2824. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz1779.

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Hygate, Alexander P. S., Author
Kruijssen, J. M. Diederik, Author
Chevance, Mélanie, Author
Schruba, Andreas1, Author              
Haydon, Daniel T., Author
Longmore, Steven N., Author
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1Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_159889              

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 Abstract: Diffuse emission is observed in galaxies in many tracers across the electromagnetic spectrum, including tracers of star formation, such as H α and ultraviolet (UV), and tracers of gas mass, such as carbon monoxide (CO) transition lines and the 21-cm line of atomic hydrogen (H i). Its treatment is key to extracting meaningful information from observations such as cloud-scale star formation rates. Finally, studying diffuse emission can reveal information about the physical processes taking place in the interstellar medium, such as chemical transitions and the nature of stellar feedback (through the photon escape fraction). We present a physically motivated method for decomposing astronomical images containing both diffuse emission and compact regions of interest, such as H ii regions or molecular clouds, into diffuse and compact component images through filtering in Fourier space. We have previously presented a statistical method for constraining the evolutionary timeline of star formation and mean separation length between compact star-forming regions with galaxy-scale observations. We demonstrate how these measurements are biased by the presence of diffuse emission in tracer maps and that by using the mean separation length as a critical length-scale to separate diffuse emission from compact emission, we are able to remove its biasing effect. Furthermore, this method provides, without the need for interferometry or ancillary spectral data, a measurement of the diffuse emission fraction in input tracer maps and decomposed diffuse and compact emission maps for further analysis.

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 Dates: 2019-07-25
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz1779
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Title: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
  Other : Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford : Oxford University Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 488 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2800 - 2824 Identifier: ISSN: 1365-8711
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000024150