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  Asian Crop Dispersal in Africa and Late Holocene Human Adaptation to Tropical Environments

Power, R. C., Güldemann, T., Crowther, A., & Boivin, N. L. (2019). Asian Crop Dispersal in Africa and Late Holocene Human Adaptation to Tropical Environments. Journal of World Prehistory, 32(4): s10963-019-09136-x, pp. 353-392. doi:10.1007/s10963-019-09136-x.

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 Creators:
Power, Robert C., Author
Güldemann, Tom1, Author           
Crowther, Alison, Author
Boivin, Nicole L.2, Author           
Affiliations:
1Department of Linguistics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_38005              
2Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: African history, Archaeobotany, Agriculture, Rainforest colonisation, Bantu expansion
 Abstract: Occupation of the humid tropics by Late Holocene food producers depended on the use of vegetative agricultural systems. A small number of vegetative crops from the Americas and Asia have come to dominate tropical agriculture globally in these warm and humid environments, due to their ability to provide reliable food output with low labour inputs, as well as their suitability to these environments. The prehistoric arrival in Africa of Southeast Asian crops, in particular banana, taro and greater yam but also sugar cane and others, is commonly regarded as one of the most important examples of transcontinental exchanges in the tropics. Although chronologies of food-producer expansions in Central Africa are increasingly gaining resolution, we have very little evidence for the agricultural systems used in this region. Researchers have recovered just a handful of examples of archaeobotanical banana, taro and sugar cane remains, and so far none from greater yam. Many of the suggested dispersal routes have not been tested with chronological, ecological and linguistic evidence of food producers. While the impact of Bantu-speaking people has been emphasised, the role of non-Bantu farmers speaking Ubangi and Central Sudanic languages who have expanded from the (north)east has hardly been considered. This article will review the current hypotheses on dispersal routes and suggest that transmissions via Northeast Africa should become a new focus of research on the origins of Asian vegeculture crops in Africa.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-11-212019-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 40
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: Introduction

Geography, Ecology and Plant Biology
- Banana
- Taro
- Greater Yam
- Sugarcane

Archaeology and History
- Banana
- Taro
- Greater Yam
- Sugarcane

Linguistics
- The Possible Role of Linguistics
- Inventory, Classification, and Documentation of Languages
- Historical Linguistic Models

Modelling the Crop Suitability of Asian Crops and the Spread of Food Producers

Discussion
- The Different Dispersal Routes
- Route A: Atlantic Ocean Route
- Route B: Indian Ocean Route
- Route C: West Asian Route
- Route D: Circum‑Indic Route
- Conspectus

Conclusions
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s10963-019-09136-x
Other: shh2464
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Title: Journal of World Prehistory
  Abbreviation : J World Prehist
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 32 (4) Sequence Number: s10963-019-09136-x Start / End Page: 353 - 392 Identifier: ISSN: 0892-7537
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/0892-7537