English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  The Neanderthal teeth from Marillac (Charente, Southwestern France): Morphology, comparisons and paleobiology

Garralda, M. D., Maureille, B., Le Cabec, A., Oxilia, G., Benazzi, S., Skinner, M. M., et al. (2020). The Neanderthal teeth from Marillac (Charente, Southwestern France): Morphology, comparisons and paleobiology. Journal of Human Evolution, 138: 102683. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2019.102683.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-4482-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-4484-9
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Garralda, María Dolores, Author
Maureille, Bruno, Author
Le Cabec, Adeline1, Author              
Oxilia, Gregorio, Author
Benazzi, Stefano1, Author              
Skinner, Matthew M.1, Author              
Hublin, Jean-Jacques1, Author              
Vandermeersch, Bernard, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_1497673              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: Late Pleistocene, Dental morphometrics, Taurodontism, Paleobiology, Taphonomy, Carnivore
 Abstract: Few European sites have yielded human dental remains safely dated to the end of MIS 4/beginning of MIS 3. One of those sites is Marillac (Southwestern France), a collapsed karstic cave where archeological excavations (1967–1980) conducted by B. Vandermeersch unearthed numerous faunal and human remains, as well as a few Mousterian Quina tools. The Marillac sinkhole was occasionally used by humans to process the carcasses of different prey, but there is no evidence for a residential use of the site, nor have any hearths been found. Rare carnivore bones were also discovered, demonstrating that the sinkhole was seasonally used, not only by Neanderthals, but also by predators across several millennia. The lithostratigraphic units containing the human remains were dated to ∼60 kyr. The fossils consisted of numerous fragments of skulls and jaws, isolated teeth and several post-cranial bones, many of them with traces of perimortem manipulations. For those already published, their morphological characteristics and chronostratigraphic context allowed their attribution to Neanderthals. This paper analyzes sixteen unpublished human teeth (fourteen permanent and two deciduous) by investigating the external morphology and metrical variation with respect to other Neanderthal remains and a sample from modern populations. We also investigate their enamel thickness distribution in 2D and 3D, the enamel-dentine junction morphology (using geometric morphometrics) of one molar and two premolars, the roots and the possible expression of taurodontism, as well as pathologies and developmental defects. The anterior tooth use and paramasticatory activities are also discussed. Morphological and structural alterations were found on several teeth, and interpreted in light of human behavior (tooth-pick) and carnivores' actions (partial digestion). The data are interpreted in the context of the available information for the Eurasian Neanderthals.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-112020-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2019.102683
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Journal of Human Evolution
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 138 Sequence Number: 102683 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0047-2484