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  Inventing a new measurement for inhibitory control in preschoolers

Buttelmann, D., & Berger, P. (2019). Inventing a new measurement for inhibitory control in preschoolers. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 37(1), 1-13. doi:10.1111/bjdp.12242.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-597D-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-59A1-1
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Buttelmann, David1, Author              
Berger, Philipp2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Bern, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Philipps-University Marburg, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: windows task; car task; inhibitory control; developmental; executive functions
 Abstract: One of the most prominent tasks to measure spatial-conflict inhibitory control in preschoolers is the windows task (Russell et al., 1991, Br. J. Dev. Psychol., 9, 331). However, this task has been criticized given its high demands on abilities other than inhibition. The aim of the current set of studies was to establish the 'car task' as a novel instrument to assess conflict inhibition in children. In this task, children are asked to point at the current location of an occluded object. To do so, they have to inhibit a misleading colour cue in front of the locations in critical trials. In Study 1, we demonstrated that 3- to 6-year-old children's (N = 88) performance in the car task correlated positively with that in the windows task (even after controlling for age). Study 2 investigated whether children's failure in the car task might be caused by their inability to master the basic processes involved in the task rather than a lack of inhibition. We presented a new group of preschoolers (N = 85) with a modified version of the task without any misleading colour cues. Performance significantly improved, indicating that the difficulty of the car task lies in the necessity to inhibit the misleading colour cue leading towards the incorrect location. These findings suggest that the car task is a valid measurement of spatial-conflict inhibition in children.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-02-062017-06-132018-03-282019-03
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: ISI: 000458309900001
DOI: 10.1111/bjdp.12242
PMID: 29574907
Other: Epub 2018
 Degree: -

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Title: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Leicester [Leicestershire] : British Psychological Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 37 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1 - 13 Identifier: ISSN: 0261-510X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925267284_1