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  The influence of the cell inclination on the heat transport and large-scale circulation in liquid metal convection

Zwirner, L., Khalilov, R., Kolesnichenko, I., Mamykin, A., Mandrykin, S., Pavlinov, A., et al. (2020). The influence of the cell inclination on the heat transport and large-scale circulation in liquid metal convection. The Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 884: A18. doi:10.1017/jfm.2019.935.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-6C9D-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-6C9E-1
Genre: Journal Article

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Zwirner, Lukas1, Author              
Khalilov, Ruslan, Author
Kolesnichenko, Ilya, Author
Mamykin, Andrey, Author
Mandrykin, Sergei, Author
Pavlinov, Alexander, Author
Shestakov, Alexander, Author
Teimurazov, Andrei, Author
Frick, Peter, Author
Shishkina, Olga1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Laboratory for Fluid Physics, Pattern Formation and Biocomplexity, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization, Max Planck Society, ou_2063287              

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 Abstract: Inclined turbulent thermal convection in liquid sodium is studied at large Rayleigh numbers Ra > 107 based on the results of both experimental measurements and high-resolution numerical simulations. For a direct comparison, the considered system parameters are set to be similar: Ra = 1.67 × 107 in the direct numerical simulations (DNS), Ra = 1.5 × 107 in the large-eddy simulations and Ra = 1.42 × 107 in the experiments, while the Prandtl number of liquid sodium is very small (Pr ≈ 0.009). The cylindrical convection cell has an aspect ratio of one; one circular surface is heated, while the other one is cooled. Additionally, the cylinder is inclined with respect to gravity and the inclination angle varies from β = 0°, which corresponds to Rayleigh–Bénard convection (RBC), to β = 90°, as in a vertical convection (VC) set-up. Our study demonstrates quantitative agreement of the experimental and numerical results, in particular with respect to the global heat and momentum transport, temperature and velocity profiles, as well as the dynamics of the large-scale circulation (LSC). The DNS reveal that the twisting and sloshing of the LSC at small inclination angles periodically affects the instantaneous heat transport (up to ±44 % of the mean heat transport). The twisted LSC is associated with a weak heat transport, while the sloshing mode that brings together the hot and cold streams of the LSC is associated with a strong heat transport. The experiments show that the heat transport scales as Nu ∼ Ra0.22 in both limiting cases (RBC and VC) for Rayleigh numbers around Ra ≈ 107, while any inclination of the cell, 0 < β < 90°, leads to an increase of Nu.

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 Dates: 2019-12-092020
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2019.935
 Degree: -

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Title: The Journal of Fluid Mechanics
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cambridge [etc.] : Cambridge University Press [etc.]
Pages: 37 Volume / Issue: 884 Sequence Number: A18 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0022-1120
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925340716_1