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  Victimization and Its Consequences for Well-Being : A Between- and Within-Person Analysis

Janssen, H. J., Oberwittler, D., & Koeber, G. (2020). Victimization and Its Consequences for Well-Being: A Between- and Within-Person Analysis. Journal of Quantitative Criminology. doi:10.1007/s10940-019-09445-6.

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This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

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Janssen, Heleen J.1, Author              
Oberwittler, Dietrich1, Author              
Koeber, Goeran, Author
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1Criminology, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Crime, Security and Law, Max Planck Society, ou_2489695              

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 Abstract: Objectives: We examined the effects of victimization on several aspects of well-being in a longitudinal study of a general population sample. Previous research has often been inconclusive, as it was largely based on cross-sectional data and prone to problems of unobserved heterogeneity and selection bias. We examined both between-person differences and within-person changes in well-being in relation to property and violent victimization. We investigated psychological and behavioral dimensions of well-being, controlling for and comparing with the effects of other negative life events. Methods: We used data from a two-wave panel survey of 2928 respondents aged 25–89 nested in 140 neighborhoods in two large German cities. We applied random-effects modeling to separate between-person from within-person effects. Results: The within-person detrimental effects of victimization were considerably smaller than between-person effects, which reflected preexisting, time-stable factors that distinguish individuals who have experienced victimization from individuals who have not. Detrimental effects concerned fear of crime, generalized trust, and neighborhood satisfaction, but did not extend to emotional well-being or life satisfaction, in contrast to other negative life events. We found empirical support both for adaptation (‘recovery’) effects as well as for anticipation effects. Violent victimization had stronger effects than property victimization, and victimization near the home had stronger effects than victimization elsewhere. Conclusion: The findings indicate that violent victimization has palpable detrimental effects on security perceptions, trust and neighborhood satisfaction—but not on emotional well-being and life satisfaction—and that individuals largely recover from the victimization within 18 months.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-01-06
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s10940-019-09445-6
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Title: Journal of Quantitative Criminology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0748-4518