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  Stellar Dynamos in the Transition Regime: Multiple Dynamo Modes and Antisolar Differential Rotation

Viviani, M., Käpylä, M. J., Warnecke, J., Käpylä, P. J., & Rheinhardt, M. (2019). Stellar Dynamos in the Transition Regime: Multiple Dynamo Modes and Antisolar Differential Rotation. Astrophysical Journal, 886(1): 21. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab3e07.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-6883-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-6884-0
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Viviani, Mariangela1, Author              
Käpylä, Maarit J.1, Author              
Warnecke, Jörn1, Author              
Käpylä, P. J., Author
Rheinhardt, M., Author
Affiliations:
1Department Sun and Heliosphere, Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Max Planck Society, ou_1832289              

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 Abstract: Global and semi-global convective dynamo simulations of solar-like stars are known to show a transition from an antisolar (fast poles, slow equator) to solar-like (fast equator, slow poles) differential rotation (DR) for increasing rotation rate. The dynamo solutions in the latter regime can exhibit regular cyclic modes, whereas in the former one, only stationary or temporally irregular solutions have been obtained so far. In this paper we present a semi-global dynamo simulation in the transition region, exhibiting two coexisting dynamo modes, a cyclic and a stationary one, both being dynamically significant. We seek to understand how such a dynamo is driven by analyzing the large-scale flow properties (DR and meridional circulation) together with the turbulent transport coefficients obtained with the test-field method. Neither an αΩ dynamo wave nor an advection-dominated dynamo are able to explain the cycle period and the propagation direction of the mean magnetic field. Furthermore, we find that the α effect is comparable or even larger than the Ω effect in generating the toroidal magnetic field, and therefore, the dynamo seems to be of α 2Ω or α 2 type. We further find that the effective large-scale flows are significantly altered by turbulent pumping.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab3e07
 Degree: -

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Title: Astrophysical Journal
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Chicago, IL : University of Chicago Press for the American Astronomical Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 886 (1) Sequence Number: 21 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0004-637X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922828215_2