English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Socio-cultural norms of body size in Westerners and Polynesians affect heart rate variability and emotion during social interactions

Schrimpf, A., McGarvey, S., Haun, D., Kube, J., Villringer, A., & Gaebler, M. (2019). Socio-cultural norms of body size in Westerners and Polynesians affect heart rate variability and emotion during social interactions. Culture and Brain, 7(1), 26-56. doi:10.1007/s40167-018-0071-5.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-79CC-E Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-9C1E-B
Genre: Journal Article

Files

show Files
hide Files
:
Schrimpf_2019.pdf (Publisher version), 634KB
Name:
Schrimpf_2019.pdf
Description:
-
Visibility:
Public
MIME-Type / Checksum:
application/pdf / [MD5]
Technical Metadata:
Copyright Date:
-
Copyright Info:
-
License:
-

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Schrimpf, Anne1, Author              
McGarvey, Stephen2, Author
Haun, Daniel3, Author
Kube, Jana1, 4, 5, Author              
Villringer, Arno1, 4, 6, 7, Author              
Gaebler, Michael1, 7, 8, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
2Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA, ou_persistent22              
3Leipzig Research Center Early Child Development (LFE), University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Integrated Research and Treatment Center Adiposity Diseases, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
5Faculty of Business, Law and Social Sciences, Brandenburg University of Technology, Senftenberg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Clinic for Cognitive Neurology, University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              
7MindBrainBody Institute, Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
8Leipzig Research Center for Civilization Diseases (LIFE), University of Leipzig, Germany, ou_persistent22              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: Emotion; Culture; Obesity; Social cognition; Samoa; Parasympathetic activity; Body image; Social exclusion
 Abstract: The perception of body size and thus weight-related stigmatization vary between cultures. Both are stronger in Western than in Polynesian societies. Negative emotional experiences alter one’s behavioral, psychological, and physiological reactions in social interactions. This study compared affective and autonomic nervous system responses to social interactions in Germany and American Samoa, two societies with different body-size related norms. German (n = 55) and Samoan (n = 56) volunteers with and without obesity participated in a virtual ball-tossing game that comprised episodes of social inclusion and social exclusion. During the experiment, heart rate was measured and parasympathetic activity (i.e., high-frequency heart rate variability) was analyzed. We found differences in both emotional experience and autonomic cardio-regulation between the two cultures: during social inclusion, Germans but not Samoans showed increased parasympathetic activity. In Germans with obesity, this increase was related to a more negative body image (comprising high rates of weight-related teasing). During social exclusion, Samoans showed parasympathetic withdrawal regardless of obesity status, while Germans with obesity showed a stronger increase in parasympathetic activity than lean Germans. Furthermore, we found fewer obesity-related differences in emotional arousal after social exclusion in Samoans as compared to Germans. Investigating the interplay of socio-cultural, psychological, and biological aspects, our results suggest influences of body size-related socio-cultural norms on parasympathetic cardio-regulation and negative emotions during social interactions.

Details

show
hide
Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2018-07-192018-08-022019-06
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s40167-018-0071-5
 Degree: -

Event

show

Legal Case

show

Project information

show hide
Project name : -
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Max Planck Society
Project name : -
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst e.V.
Project name : -
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Max-Planck International Research Network on Aging (MaxNetAging)
Project name : -
Grant ID : 01EO1001
Funding program : -
Funding organization : German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)

Source 1

show
hide
Title: Culture and Brain
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: Heidelberg : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 7 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 26 - 56 Identifier: ISSN: 2193-8652
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2193-8652