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  Nouns and Foreign Numerals: Anatolian ‘Four’ and the Development of the PIE Decimal System

Bjorn, R. (2019). Nouns and Foreign Numerals: Anatolian ‘Four’ and the Development of the PIE Decimal System. In M. Serangeli, & T. Olander (Eds.), Dispersals and diversification: linguistic and archaeological perspectives on the early stages of Indo-European (pp. 54-76). Leiden: Brill. doi:10.1163/9789004416192_004.

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Bjorn, Rasmus1, Author           
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1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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 Abstract: Although seemingly in agreement in all the other basic numerals, Proto-Anatolian ‘four’ *mei̯-(e)u- is incompatible with Core IE *kʷetu̯or-. At the same time, the overall likelihood of ultimate Semitic origins of at least PIE *septm̥ ‘seven’ and further connections also to Caucasian and Uralic languages suggest that numerals were in flux in the region at the time just prior to the dissolution of the Indo-European proto-language. Since relatively recent numeralization is hinted at throughout the decimal series, the development of an independent numeral in Anatolian can be corroborated by typological evidence from the northern branches of Afro-Asiatic, whose speakers most likely played an important role in the Neolithic expansion.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-12-062019-12-19
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 22
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1163/9789004416192_004
Other: shh2494
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Title: Dispersals and diversification: linguistic and archaeological perspectives on the early stages of Indo-European
Source Genre: Book
 Creator(s):
Serangeli, Matilde, Editor
Olander, Thomas, Editor
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Publ. Info: Leiden : Brill
Pages: xii, 290 Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 2 Start / End Page: 54 - 76 Identifier: ISBN: 978-90-04-41619-2
ISBN: 978-90-04-41450-1

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Title: Brill's Studies in Indo-European languages & linguistics
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Publ. Info: Leiden : Brill
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 19 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1875-6328