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  The effects of interaction quality on neural synchrony during mother-child problem solving

Nguyen, T., Schleihauf, H., Kayhan, E., Matthes, D., Vrticka, P., & Hoehl, S. (2020). The effects of interaction quality on neural synchrony during mother-child problem solving. Cortex, 124, 235-249. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2019.11.020.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-80B0-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-9C28-F
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Nguyen, Trinh1, Author
Schleihauf, Hanna2, 3, 4, Author
Kayhan, Ezgi5, 6, Author              
Matthes, Daniel6, Author
Vrticka, Pascal7, Author              
Hoehl, Stefanie1, 6, Author              
Affiliations:
1Faculty of Psychology, University Vienna, Austria, ou_persistent22              
2Cognitive Ethology Lab, German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department for Primate Cognition, Georg August University, Göttingen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Psychology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              
5Department of Developmental Psychology, University of Potsdam, Germany, ou_persistent22              
6Max Planck Research Group Early Social Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_2355694              
7Research Group Social Stress and Family Health, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_3025667              

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Free keywords: Reciprocity; Mother-child interaction; Functional near-infrared spectroscopy; Neural synchrony; Hyperscanning; Cooperation
 Abstract: Understanding others is fundamental to interpersonal coordination and successful cooperation. One mechanism posited to underlie both effective communication and behavioral coordination is interpersonal neural synchrony. Although presumably foundational for children's social development, research on neural synchrony in naturalistic caregiver-child interactions is lacking. Using dual-functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), we examined the effects of interaction quality on neural synchrony during a problem-solving task in 42 dyads of mothers and their preschool children. In a cooperation condition, mothers and children were instructed to solve a tangram puzzle together. In an individual condition, mothers and children performed the same task alone with an opaque screen between them. Wavelet transform coherence (WTC) was used to assess the cross-correlation between the two fNIRS time series. Results revealed increased neural synchrony in bilateral prefrontal cortex and temporo-parietal areas during cooperative as compared to individual problem solving. Higher neural synchrony during cooperation correlated with higher behavioral reciprocity and neural synchrony predicted the dyad's problem-solving success beyond reciprocal behavior between mothers and children. State-like factors, such as maternal stress and child agency during the task, played a bigger role for neural synchronization than trait-like factors, such as child temperament. Our results emphasize neural synchrony as a biomarker for mother-child interaction quality. These findings further highlight the role of state-like factors in interpersonal synchronization processes linked to successful coordination with others and in the long-term might improve the understanding of others.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-10-012019-05-292019-11-272019-12-202020-03
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2019.11.020
Other: Epub ahead of print
PMID: 31927470
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Funding organization : Max Planck Society
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Funding organization : Studienstiftung des Deutschen Volkes
Project name : -
Grant ID : KA 4926/1-1
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG

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Title: Cortex
  Other : Cortex
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Milan [etc.] : Elsevier Masson SAS
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 124 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 235 - 249 Identifier: ISSN: 0010-9452
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925393344