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  Cell-Free Protein Synthesis and Its Perspectives for Assembling Cells from the Bottom-Up

Kai, L., & Schwille, P. (2019). Cell-Free Protein Synthesis and Its Perspectives for Assembling Cells from the Bottom-Up. Advanced Biosystems, 3(6, SI): 1800322. doi:10.1002/adbi.201800322.

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Genre: Journal Article
Other : Review

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 Creators:
Kai, Lei1, Author              
Schwille, Petra1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Schwille, Petra / Cellular and Molecular Biophysics, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1565169              

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Free keywords: TEMPLATE-DIRECTED SYNTHESIS; STOCHASTIC GENE-EXPRESSION; FREE TRANSLATION SYSTEM; MINIMAL CELL; BIOSYNTHETIC-PATHWAY; ENZYMATIC-SYNTHESIS; PROTOCELL MODELS; COLI; BIOLOGY; ORIGINMaterials Science; cell-free protein synthesis; MaxSynBio; minimal cell; molecular crowding; stochasticity; synthetic biology;
 Abstract: The underlying idea of synthetic biology is that biological reactions/modules/systems can be precisely engineered and controlled toward desired products. Numerous efforts in the past decades in deciphering the complexity of biological systems in vivo have led to a variety of tools for synthetic biology, especially based on recombinant DNA. However, one generic limitation of all living systems is that the vast majority of energy input is dedicated to maintain the system as a whole, rather than the small part of interest. Cell-free synthetic biology is aiming at exactly this fundamental limitation, providing the next level of flexibility for engineering and designing biological systems in vitro. New technology has continuously inspired cell-free biology and extended its applications, including gene circuits, spatiotemporally controlled pathways, coactivated catalysts systems, and rationally designed multienzyme pathways, in particular, minimal cell construction. In the context of this special issue, discussing work being carried out in the "MaxSynBio" consortium, the advances in characterizing stochasticity and dynamics of cell-free protein synthesis within cell-sized compartments, as well as the molecular crowding effect, are discussed. The organization of spatial heterogeneity is the key prerequisite for achieving hierarchy and stepwise assembly of minimal cells from the bottom-up.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-06
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 7
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: ISI: 000471702000002
DOI: 10.1002/adbi.201800322
 Degree: -

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Project name : “MaxSynBio” consortium
Grant ID : -
Funding program : -
Funding organization : Federal Ministry of Education and Research of Germany

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Title: Advanced Biosystems
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Weinheim : Wiley-VCH
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 3 (6, SI) Sequence Number: 1800322 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2366-7478
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2366-7478