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  Early pastoral economies and herding transitions in Eastern Eurasia

Taylor, W. T. T., Clark, J., Bayarsaikhan, J., Tuvshinjargal, T., Jobe, J. T., Fitzhugh, W., et al. (2020). Early pastoral economies and herding transitions in Eastern Eurasia. Scientific Reports, 10: 1001. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-57735-y.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-8C95-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-D881-5
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Taylor, William Timothy Treal1, Author              
Clark, Julia, Author
Bayarsaikhan, Jamsranjav, Author
Tuvshinjargal, Tumurbaatar, Author
Jobe, Jessica Thompson, Author
Fitzhugh, William, Author
Kortum, Richard, Author
Spengler, Robert N.1, Author              
Shnaider, Svetlana1, Author              
Seersholm, Frederik Valeur, Author
Hart, Isaac, Author
Case, Nicholas, Author
Wilkin, Shevan1, Author              
Hendy, Jessica2, Author              
Thüring, Ulrike1, Author              
Miller, Bryan1, Author              
Ventresca Miller, Alicia R.1, Author              
Picin, Andrea1, Author              
Vanwezer, Nils1, Author              
Irmer, Franziska1, Author              
Brown, Samantha3, Author              Abdykanova, Aida, AuthorShultz, Daniel R., AuthorPham, Victoria, AuthorBunce, Michael, AuthorDouka, Katerina3, Author              Jones, Emily Lena, AuthorBoivin, Nicole1, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
2Kostbare Kulturen, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2591692              
3FINDER, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541700              

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 Abstract: While classic models for the emergence of pastoral groups in Inner Asia describe mounted, horse-borne herders sweeping across the Eurasian Steppes during the Early or Middle Bronze Age (ca. 3000–1500 BCE), the actual economic basis of many early pastoral societies in the region is poorly characterized. In this paper, we use collagen mass fingerprinting and ancient DNA analysis of some of the first stratified and directly dated archaeofaunal assemblages from Mongolia’s early pastoral cultures to undertake species identifications of this rare and highly fragmented material. Our results provide evidence for livestock-based, herding subsistence in Mongolia during the late 3rd and early 2nd millennia BCE. We observe no evidence for dietary exploitation of horses prior to the late Bronze Age, ca. 1200 BCE – at which point horses come to dominate ritual assemblages, play a key role in pastoral diets, and greatly influence pastoral mobility. In combination with the broader archaeofaunal record of Inner Asia, our analysis supports models for widespread changes in herding ecology linked to the innovation of horseback riding in Central Asia in the final 2nd millennium BCE. Such a framework can explain key broad-scale patterns in the movement of people, ideas, and material culture in Eurasian prehistory.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-01-22
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 15
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-57735-y
Other: shh2500
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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 Sequence Number: 1001 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322