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  Late pleistocene to early-Holocene rainforest foraging in Sri Lanka: multidisciplinary analysis at Kitulgala Beli-lena

Wedage, O., Roberts, P., Faulkner, P., Crowther, A., Douka, K., Picin, A., et al. (2020). Late pleistocene to early-Holocene rainforest foraging in Sri Lanka: multidisciplinary analysis at Kitulgala Beli-lena. Quaternary Science Reviews, 231(n/a): 106200. doi:j.quascirev.2020.106200.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-A05E-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-A104-0
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Wedage, Oshan1, Author              
Roberts, Patrick1, Author              
Faulkner, Patrick1, Author              
Crowther, Alison1, Author              
Douka, Katerina2, Author              
Picin, Andrea1, Author              
Blinkhorn, James, Author
Deraniyagala, Siran, Author
Boivin, Nicole1, Author              
Petraglia, Michael1, Author              
Amano, Noel1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
2FINDER, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541700              

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Free keywords: Rainforest, Human adaptation, Modern human dispersal, South Asia, Pleistocene archaeology
 Abstract: Sri Lanka has produced the earliest clear evidence for Homo sapiens fossils in South Asia and research in the region has provided important insights into modern human adaptations and cultural practices during the last ca. 45,000 years. However, in-depth multidisciplinary analyses of Late Pleistocene and Holocene sequences remain limited to just two sites, Fa Hien-lena and Batadomba-lena. Here, we present our findings from the reinvestigation of a third site, Kitulgala Beli-lena. New chronometric dating from the site confirms the presence of humans as early as ca. 45,000 cal. BP. in the island’s Wet Zone rainforest region. Our analyses of macrobotanical, molluscan, and vertebrate remains from the rockshelter show that this early human presence is associated with rainforest foraging. The Late Pleistocene deposits yielded evidence of wild breadfruit and kekuna nut extraction while the Holocene layers reveal a heavy reliance on semi-arboreal and arboreal small mammals as well as freshwater snails as a protein source. The lithic and osseous artefacts demonstrate that populations developed a sophisticated tool kit for the exploitation of their immediate landscapes. We place the rich Kitulgala Beli-lena dataset in its wider Sri Lankan context of Late Pleistocene foraging, as well as in wider discussions of our species’ adaptation to ‘extreme’ environments as it moved throughout Asia.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-02-042020-03-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 19
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: j.quascirev.2020.106200
Other: shh2509
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Title: Quaternary Science Reviews
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Oxford : Pergamon
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 231 (n/a) Sequence Number: 106200 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0277-3791
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925505268