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  A massacre of early Neolithic farmers in the high Pyrenees at Els Trocs, Spain

Alt, K. W., Tejedor Rodríguez, C., Nicklisch, N., Roth, D., Szécsényi Nagy, A., Knipper, C., et al. (2020). A massacre of early Neolithic farmers in the high Pyrenees at Els Trocs, Spain. Scientific Reports, 10: 2131. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-58483-9.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-A508-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-A509-7
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Alt, Kurt W., Author
Tejedor Rodríguez, Cristina, Author
Nicklisch, Nicole, Author
Roth, David, Author
Szécsényi Nagy, Anna, Author
Knipper, Corina, Author
Lindauer, Susanne, Author
Held, Petra, Author
Martínez de Lagrán, Íñigo García, Author
Schulz, Georg, Author
Schuerch, Thomas, Author
Thieringer, Florian, Author
Brantner, Philipp, Author
Brandt, Guido1, Author              
Israel, Nicole, Author
Arcusa Magallón, Héctor, Author
Meyer, Christian, Author
Mende, Balazs G., Author
Enzmann, Frieder, Author
Dresely, Veit, Author
Ramsthaler, Frank, AuthorGuillén, José Ignacio Royo, AuthorScheurer, Eva, AuthorLópez Montalvo, Esther, AuthorGarrido Pena, Rafael, AuthorPichler, Sandra L., AuthorGuerra, Manuel A. Rojo, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              

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 Abstract: Violence seems deeply rooted in human nature and an endemic potential for such is today frequently associated with differing ethnic, religious or socio-economic backgrounds. Ethnic nepotism is believed to be one of the main causes of inter-group violence in multi-ethnic societies. At the site of Els Trocs in the Spanish Pyrenees, rivalling groups of either migrating early farmers or farmers and indigenous hunter-gatherers collided violently around 5300 BCE. This clash apparently resulted in a massacre of the Els Trocs farmers. The overkill reaction was possibly triggered by xenophobia or massive disputes over resources or privileges. In the present, violence and xenophobia are controlled and sanctioned through social codes of conduct and institutions. So that, rather than representing an insurmountable evolutionary inheritance, violence and ethnic nepotism can be overcome and a sustainable future achieved through mutual respect, tolerance and openness to multi-ethnic societies.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-02-07
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 10
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-58483-9
Other: shh2511
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Title: Scientific Reports
  Abbreviation : Sci. Rep.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London, UK : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 10 Sequence Number: 2131 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2045-2322
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2045-2322