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  5,200-year-old cereal grains from the eastern Altai Mountains redate the trans-Eurasian crop exchange

Zhou, X., Yu, J., Spengler III, R. N., Shen, H., Zhao, K., Ge, J., et al. (2020). 5,200-year-old cereal grains from the eastern Altai Mountains redate the trans-Eurasian crop exchange. Nature Plants, 6, 78-87. doi:10.1038/s41477-019-0581-y.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-A8E6-A Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-AEFF-9
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Zhou, Xinying, Author
Yu, Jianjun, Author
Spengler III, Robert N.1, Author              
Shen, Hui, Author
Zhao, Keliang, Author
Ge, Junyi, Author
Bao, Yige, Author
Liu, Junchi, Author
Yang, Qingjiang, Author
Chen, Guanhan, Author
Weiming Jia, Peter, Author
Li, Xiaoqiang, Author
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Climate-change impacts, Palaeoclimate, Palaeoecology
 Abstract: Wheat and barley evolved from large-seeded annual grasses in the arid, low latitudes of Asia; their spread into higher elevations and northern latitudes involved corresponding evolutionary adaptations in these plants, including traits for frost tolerance and shifts in photoperiod sensitivity. The adaptation of farming populations to these northern latitudes was also a complex and poorly understood process that included changes in cultivation practices and the varieties of crops grown. In this article, we push back the earliest dates for the spread of wheat and barley into northern regions of Asia as well as providing earlier cultural links between East and West Asia. The archaeobotanical, palynological and anthracological data we present come from the Tongtian Cave site in the Altai Mountains, with a punctuated occupation dating between 5,200 and 3,200 calibrated years bp, coinciding with global cooling of the middle–late Holocene transition. These early low-investment agropastoral populations in the north steppe area played a major role in the prehistoric trans-Eurasian exchange.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-02-132020-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 12
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41477-019-0581-y
Other: shh2513
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Title: Nature Plants
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 6 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 78 - 87 Identifier: ISSN: 2055-0278
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2055-0278