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  Primordial power spectrum and cosmology from black-box galaxy surveys

Leclercq, F., Enzi, W., Jasche, J., & Heavens, A. (2019). Primordial power spectrum and cosmology from black-box galaxy surveys. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 490(3), 4237-4253. doi:10.1093/mnras/stz2718.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-B668-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-B669-8
Genre: Journal Article

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Leclercq, Florent, Author
Enzi, Wolfgang1, Author              
Jasche, Jens, Author
Heavens, Alan, Author
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1Computational Structure Formation, MPI for Astrophysics, Max Planck Society, ou_2205642              

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 Abstract: We propose a new, likelihood-free approach to inferring the primordial matter power spectrum and cosmological parameters from arbitrarily complex forward models of galaxy surveys where all relevant statistics can be determined from numerical simulations, i.e. black boxes. Our approach, which we call simulator expansion for likelihood-free inference (selfi), builds upon approximate Bayesian computation using a novel effective likelihood, and upon the linearization of black-box models around an expansion point. Consequently, we obtain simple ‘filter equations’ for an effective posterior of the primordial power spectrum, and a straightforward scheme for cosmological parameter inference. We demonstrate that the workload is computationally tractable, fixed a priori, and perfectly parallel. As a proof of concept, we apply our framework to a realistic synthetic galaxy survey, with a data model accounting for physical structure formation and incomplete and noisy galaxy observations. In doing so, we show that the use of non-linear numerical models allows the galaxy power spectrum to be safely fitted up to at least kmax = 0.5 h Mpc−1, outperforming state-of-the-art backward- modelling techniques by a factor of ∼5 in the number of modes used. The result is an unbiased inference of the primordial matter power spectrum across the entire range of scales considered, including a high-fidelity reconstruction of baryon acoustic oscillations. It translates into an unbiased and robust inference of cosmological parameters. Our results pave the path towards easy applications of likelihood-free simulation-based inference in cosmology. We have made our code pyselfi and our data products publicly available at http://pyselfi.florent-leclercq.eu.

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 Dates: 2019-10-07
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz2718
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Title: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: OXFORD : OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 490 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 4237 - 4253 Identifier: ISSN: 0035-8711
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000021470