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  A new and homogeneous metallicity scale for Galactic classical Cepheids. I. Physical parameters

Proxauf, B., da Silva, R., Kovtyukh, V. V., Bono, G., Inno, L., Lemasle, B., et al. (2018). A new and homogeneous metallicity scale for Galactic classical Cepheids. I. Physical parameters. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 616.

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Proxauf, B.1, Author
da Silva, R.1, Author
Kovtyukh, V. V.1, Author
Bono, G.1, Author
Inno, L.1, Author
Lemasle, B.1, Author
Pritchard, J.1, Author
Przybilla, N.1, Author
Storm, J.1, Author
Urbaneja, M. A.1, Author
Valenti, E.1, Author
Bergemann, M.1, Author
Buonanno, R.1, Author
D'Orazi, V.1, Author
Fabrizio, M.1, Author
Ferraro, I.1, Author
Fiorentino, G.1, Author
François, P.1, Author
Iannicola, G.1, Author
Laney, C. D.1, Author
Kudritzki, R. -P.1, AuthorMatsunaga, N.1, AuthorNonino, M.1, AuthorPrimas, F.1, AuthorRomaniello, M.1, AuthorThévenin, F.1, Author more..
1Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Max Planck Society and Cooperation Partners, ou_2421692              


Free keywords: Galaxy: disk stars: abundances stars: fundamental parameters stars: variables: Cepheids stars: oscillations Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics
 Abstract: We gathered more than 1130 high-resolution optical spectra for more than 250 Galactic classical Cepheids. The spectra were collected with the optical spectrographs UVES at VLT, HARPS at 3.6 m, FEROS at 2.2 m MPG/ESO, and STELLA. To improve the effective temperature estimates, we present more than 150 new line depth ratio (LDR) calibrations that together with similar calibrations already available in the literature allowed us to cover a broad range in wavelength (5348 ≤ λ ≤ 8427 Å) and in effective temperature (3500 ≤ Teff ≤ 7700 K). This gives us the unique opportunity to cover both the hottest and coolest phases along the Cepheid pulsation cycle and to limit the intrinsic error on individual measurements at the level of 100 K. As a consequence of the high signal-to-noise ratio of individual spectra, we identified and measured hundreds of neutral and ionized lines of heavy elements, and in turn, have the opportunity to trace the variation of both surface gravity and microturbulent velocity along the pulsation cycle. The accuracy of the physical parameters and the number of Fe I (more than one hundred) and Fe II (more than ten) lines measured allowed us to estimate mean iron abundances with a precision better than 0.1 dex. We focus on 14 calibrating Cepheids for which the current spectra cover either the entire or a significant portion of the pulsation cycle. The current estimates of the variation of the physical parameters along the pulsation cycle and of the iron abundances agree very well with similar estimates available in the literature. Independent homogeneous estimates of both physical parameters and metal abundances based on different approaches that can constrain possible systematics are highly encouraged. Partly based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla/Paranal Observatories under program IDs: 072.D-0419, 073.D-0136 and 190.D-0237 for HARPS spectra; 084.B-0029, 087.A-9013, 074.D-0008, 075.D-0676 and 60.A-9120 for FEROS spectra; 081.D-0928, 082.D-0901, 089.D-0767 and 093.D-0816 for UVES spectra.Partly based on data obtained with the STELLA Robotic Observatory in Tenerife, an AIP facility jointly operated by AIP and IAC.Tables 3-5 are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to <A href="http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/">http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr</A> ( or via <A href="http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz- bin/qcat?J/A+A/616/A82">http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz- bin/qcat?J/A+A/616/A82</A>


 Dates: 2018
 Publication Status: Issued
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Title: Astronomy and Astrophysics
Source Genre: Journal
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 616 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: - Identifier: -