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  Dairy pastoralism sustained eastern Eurasian steppe populations for 5,000 years

Wilkin, S., Ventresca Miller, A., Taylor, W. T. T., Miller, B. K., Hagan, R., Bleasdale, M., et al. (2020). Dairy pastoralism sustained eastern Eurasian steppe populations for 5,000 years. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 4(3), 346-355. doi:10.1038/s41559-020-1120-y.

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 Creators:
Wilkin, Shevan1, Author           
Ventresca Miller, Alicia1, Author           
Taylor, William Timothy Treal1, Author           
Miller, Bryan Kristopher1, Author           
Hagan, Richard2, Author           
Bleasdale, Madeleine1, Author           
Scott, Ashley2, Author           
Gankhuyg, Sumiya, Author
Ramsøe, Abigail, Author
Uliziibayar, S., Author
Trachsel, Christian, Author
Nanni, Paolo, Author
Grossmann, Jonas, Author
Orlando, Ludovic, Author
Horton, Mark1, Author           
Stockhammer, Philipp W.3, Author           
Myagmar, Erdene, Author
Boivin, Nicole1, Author           
Warinner, Christina4, Author           
Hendy, Jessica4, Author           
Affiliations:
1Archaeology, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074312              
2Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
3MHAAM, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541699              
4Kostbare Kulturen, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2591692              

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Free keywords: Archaeology, Biological anthropology
 Abstract: Dairy pastoralism is integral to contemporary and past lifeways on the eastern Eurasian steppe, facilitating survival in agriculturally challenging environments. While previous research has indicated that ruminant dairy pastoralism was practiced in the region by circa 1300 bc, the origin, extent and diversity of this custom remain poorly understood. Here, we analyse ancient proteins from human dental calculus recovered from geographically diverse locations across Mongolia and spanning 5,000 years. We present the earliest evidence for dairy consumption on the eastern Eurasian steppe by circa 3000 bc and the later emergence of horse milking at circa 1200 bc, concurrent with the first evidence for horse riding. We argue that ruminant dairying contributed to the demographic success of Bronze Age Mongolian populations and that the origins of traditional horse dairy products in eastern Eurasia are closely tied to the regional emergence of mounted herding societies during the late second millennium bc.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-03-02
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 13
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/s41559-020-1120-y
Other: shh2530
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Title: Nature Ecology & Evolution
  Other : Nature Ecology and Evolution
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Nature Publishing Group
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 4 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 346 - 355 Identifier: ISSN: 2397-334X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/2397-334X