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  The gas–star formation cycle in nearby star-forming galaxies. I. Assessment of multiscale variations

Schinnerer, E., Hughes, A., Leroy, A., Groves, B., Blanc, G. A., Kreckel, K., et al. (2019). The gas–star formation cycle in nearby star-forming galaxies. I. Assessment of multiscale variations. The Astrophysical Journal, 887(1): 49. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab50c2.

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 Creators:
Schinnerer, Eva, Author
Hughes, Annie, Author
Leroy, Adam, Author
Groves, Brent, Author
Blanc, Guillermo A., Author
Kreckel, Kathryn, Author
Bigiel, Frank, Author
Chevance, Mélanie, Author
Dale, Daniel, Author
Emsellem, Eric, Author
Faesi, Christopher, Author
Glover, Simon, Author
Grasha, Kathryn, Author
Henshaw, Jonathan, Author
Hygate, Alexander, Author
Kruijssen, J. M. Diederik, Author
Meidt, Sharon, Author
Pety, Jerome, Author
Querejeta, Miguel, Author
Rosolowsky, Erik, Author
Saito, Toshiki, AuthorSchruba, Andreas1, Author              Sun, Jiayi, AuthorUtomo, Dyas, Author more..
Affiliations:
1Infrared and Submillimeter Astronomy, MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_159889              

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 Abstract: The processes regulating star formation in galaxies are thought to act across a hierarchy of spatial scales. To connect extragalactic star formation relations from global and kiloparsec-scale measurements to recent cloud-scale resolution studies, we have developed a simple, robust method that quantifies the scale dependence of the relative spatial distributions of molecular gas and recent star formation. In this paper, we apply this method to eight galaxies with ~1'' resolution molecular gas imaging from the Physics at High Angular resolution in Nearby GalaxieS–ALMA (PHANGS–ALMA) survey and PdBI Arcsecond Whirlpool Survey (PAWS) that have matched resolution, high-quality narrowband Hα imaging. At a common scale of 140 pc, our massive (log(M [M ]) = 9.3–10.7), normally star-forming (SFR[M yr−1] = 0.3–5.9) galaxies exhibit a significant reservoir of quiescent molecular gas not associated with star formation as traced by Hα emission. Galactic structures act as backbones for both molecular gas and H ii region distributions. As we degrade the spatial resolution, the quiescent molecular gas disappears, with the most rapid changes occurring for resolutions up to ~0.5 kpc. As the resolution becomes poorer, the morphological features become indistinct for spatial scales larger than ~1 kpc. The method is a promising tool to search for relationships between the quiescent or star-forming molecular reservoir and galaxy properties, but requires a larger sample size to identify robust correlations between the star-forming molecular gas fraction and global galaxy parameters.

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 Dates: 2019-12-10
 Publication Status: Published online
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab50c2
Other: LOCALID: 3213726
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Title: The Astrophysical Journal
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Bristol; Vienna : IOP Publishing; IAEA
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 887 (1) Sequence Number: 49 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0004-637X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922828215_3