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  Genomic and dietary transitions during the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic in Sicily

Loosdrecht, M. S. v. d., Mannino, M. A., Talamo, S., Villalba-Mouco, V., Posth, C., Aron, F., et al. (2020). Genomic and dietary transitions during the Mesolithic and Early Neolithic in Sicily. bioRxiv, 986158. doi:10.1101/2020.03.11.986158.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-E5B5-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-E5B6-B
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 Creators:
Loosdrecht, Marieke Sophia van de1, Author              
Mannino, Marcello Antonio, Author
Talamo, Sahra, Author
Villalba-Mouco, Vanessa1, Author              
Posth, Cosimo1, Author              
Aron, Franziska2, Author              
Brandt, Guido1, Author              
Burri, Marta1, Author              
Freund, Cäcilia3, Author              
Radzeviciute, Rita1, Author              
Stahl, Raphaela1, Author              
Wissgott, Antje1, Author              
Klausnitzer, Lysann, Author
Nagel, Sarah, Author
Meyer, Matthias, Author
Tagliacozzo, Antonio, Author
Piperno, Marcello, Author
Tusa, Sebastiano, Author
Collina, Carmine, Author
Schimmenti, Vittoria, Author
Salvo, Rosaria Di, AuthorPrüfer, Kay1, Author              Hublin, Jean-Jaques, AuthorSchiffels, Stephan1, Author              Jeong, Choongwon4, Author              Haak, Wolfgang2, Author              Krause, Johannes3, Author               more..
Affiliations:
1Archaeogenetics, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074310              
2PALEoRIDER, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541702              
3MHAAM, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2541699              
4Eurasia3angle, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2301699              

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Free keywords: Ancient DNA, isotopes, Europe, Sicily, Ice Age, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Castelnovian, farming
 Abstract: Southern Italy is a key region for understanding the agricultural transition in the Mediterranean due to its central position. We present a genomic transect for 19 prehistoric Sicilians that covers the Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic period. We find that the Early Mesolithic hunter-gatherers (HGs) are a highly drifted sister lineage to Early Holocene western European HGs, whereas a quarter of the Late Mesolithic HGs ancestry is related to HGs from eastern Europe and the Near East. This indicates substantial gene flow from (south-)eastern Europe between the Early and Late Mesolithic. The Early Neolithic farmers are genetically most similar to those from the Balkan and Greece, and carry only a maximum of ~7% ancestry from Sicilian Mesolithic HGs. Ancestry changes match changes in dietary profile and material culture, except for two individuals who may provide tentative initial evidence that HGs adopted elements of farming in Sicily.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-03-12
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
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 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.11.986158
Other: shh2540
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Title: bioRxiv
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cold Spring Harbor : Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 986158 Start / End Page: - Identifier: URI: https://www.biorxiv.org/