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  Long-term potentiation of glycinergic inhibitory synaptic transmission

Oda, Y., Charpier, S., Murayama, Y., Suma, C., & Korn, H. (1995). Long-term potentiation of glycinergic inhibitory synaptic transmission. Journal of Neurophysiology, 74(3), 1056-1074. doi:10.1152/jn.1995.74.3.1056.

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Oda, Y, Author
Charpier, S, Author
Murayama, Y1, Author           
Suma, C, Author
Korn, H, Author
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1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: 1. Tetanizing protocols were used to test whether glycinergic inhibition undergoes long-term plasticity in vivo. For this purpose we studied the inhibition evoked disynaptically in the teleost Mauthner (M) cell by stimulation of the posterior branch of the contralateral VIIIth nerve. The advantage of this experimental design is that the inhibition, which is mediated by identified second-order commissural interneurons, is not contaminated by parallel excitation. 2. The VIIIth-nerve-evoked inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs), which are generated at the level of the soma, are depolarizing in Cl(-)-loaded M cells. After VIIIth nerve tetanization, these IPSPs exhibited potentiation lasting > 30 min in 23 of 31 cells. The maximum enhancement measured 5-10 min after the onset of the tetanization averaged 100 +/- 19% (mean +/- SE). In contrast, the non-"tetanized" collateral IPSP induced by antidromic stimulation of the M axon did not increase significantly suggesting synaptic specificity of the potentiation. 3. Single-electrode voltage-clamp studies of Cl(-)-loaded M cells indicated that this plasticity is due to an increased synaptic conductance that occurs without obvious modifications of the kinetics or voltage dependence of the inhibitory postsynaptic currents. 4. The synaptic conductance and its changes during potentiation were quantified by measuring the inhibitory shunt of the antidromic spike while recording with potassium-acetate-filled electrodes. For this purpose the ratio, r', of the inhibitory to resting membrane conductances, was calculated using the expression (V/V')--1, where V and V' are the amplitudes of the control and the test antidromic spikes, respectively. This ratio was called fractional conductance. Measured at the peak of the expected VIIIth-nerve-evoked IPSP, r' increased by 114 +/- 18% (n = 46). Again the collateral inhibitory conductance was not modified. 5. Because there are two synapses in the inhibitory pathway, it became important to determine whether modifications of the second-order inhibitory junctions contribute to the overall potentiation. Several experimental procedures were used for this purpose. 6. The input-output relationship at the inhibitory synapses was determined by comparing the size of the presynaptic volley and r'. The former was recorded intra- or extracellularly as a monophasic positive potential, the so-called extrinsic hyperpolarizing potential, which increases in parallel with the strength of VIIIth nerve stimulation. In 12 experiments where the presynaptic volley was unaffected by the tetanization, suggesting lack of involvement of the first relay, r' nevertheless increased in amplitude by 79 +/- 14%.

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 Dates: 1995-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1152/jn.1995.74.3.1056
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Title: Journal of Neurophysiology
  Other : J. Neurophysiol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Bethesda, MD : The Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 74 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1056 - 1074 Identifier: ISSN: 0022-3077
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925416959