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  Cross-cultural variation in how much, but not whether, children overimitate

Stengelin, R., Hepach, R., & Haun, D. B. M. (2020). Cross-cultural variation in how much, but not whether, children overimitate. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 193: 104796. doi:10.1016/j.jecp.2019.104796.

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 Creators:
Stengelin, Roman1, Author                 
Hepach, Robert, Author
Haun, Daniel Benjamin Moritz2, Author                 
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Comparative Cultural Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_3040267              

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Free keywords: Overimitation, Cross-culture, Social learning, Hunter-gatherers, Child development, Social motivation
 Abstract: Children from Western industrialized populations tend to copy actions modeled by an adult with high fidelity even if these actions are functionally irrelevant. This so-called overimitation has been argued to be an important driver of cumulative cultural learning. However, cross-cultural and developmental evidence on overimitation is controversial, likely due to diverging task demands regarding children’s attention and memory capabilities. Here, children from a recent hunter-gatherer population (Hai||om in Namibia) were compared with urban Western children (Germany) using an overimitation procedure with minimal cognitive task demands. Although the proportion of children engaging in any overimitation was similar across the two populations, German overimitators copied irrelevant actions more persistently across tasks. These results suggest that the influence of culture on children’s overimitation may be one of degree, not kind.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-05
 Publication Status: Issued
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2019.104796
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 193 Sequence Number: 104796 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0022-0965