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  The biogeography of land ownership

Kavanagh, P. H., Haynie, H. J., Kushnick, G., Vilela, B., Tuff, T., Bowern, C., et al. (2020). The biogeography of land ownership. Unpublished Manuscript.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-FD2A-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-FD2B-F
Genre: Manuscript

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 Creators:
Kavanagh, Patrick H., Author
Haynie, Hannah J., Author
Kushnick, Geoff, Author
Vilela, Bruno, Author
Tuff, Ty, Author
Bowern, Claire, Author
Low, Bobbi S., Author
Ember, Carol R., Author
Kirby, Kathryn1, Author              
Botero, Carlos A., Author
Gavin, Michael C.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Linguistic and Cultural Evolution, Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Max Planck Society, ou_2074311              

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Free keywords: Human biogeography, land ownership, multi-model inference, population density, resource defensibility
 Abstract: Biogeographers and macroecologists have rarely used the fields’ theoretical and methodological advances to explore factors associated with geographical patterns in human diversity. Here we conduct a global empirical test of long-standing theories from ecology, economics, and anthropology regarding potential drivers of land ownership and territoriality. Although land ownership may shape natural resource management and social-ecological resilience, the factors determining ownership norms in human societies remain unclear. Prior theory suggests that resource defensibility, subsistence strategies, population pressure, political complexity, and cultural transmission mechanisms may all influence land ownership. We applied multi-model inference procedures based on logistic regression to cultural and environmental data from 102 societies, 71 with some form of land ownership and 31 with no land ownership. We found an increased probability of land ownership in mountainous environments, where patchy resources may be more cost effective to defend via ownership. We also uncovered support for the role of population pressure, with a greater probability of land ownership in societies living at higher population densities. Our results also show more land ownership when neighboring societies also practiced ownership. We found less support for variables associated with subsistence strategies and political complexity. Recently published open-access datasets can now empower biogeographers to build on our approach here to explore spatial patterns in thousands of traits comprising human cultural diversity.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-03
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: 23
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: No review
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.31235/osf.io/rhk42
Other: shh2555
 Degree: -

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Title: SocArXiv Papers
  Abbreviation : SocArXiv
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Cornell : Cornell University
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: rhk42 Start / End Page: - Identifier: URI: https://osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/