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  Environmental controls on the riverine export of dissolved black carbon

Jones, M. W., de Aragão, L. E. O. C., Dittmar, T., de Rezende, C. E., Almeida, M. G., Johnson, B. T., et al. (2019). Environmental controls on the riverine export of dissolved black carbon. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 33, 849-874.

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Jones , Matthew W. , Author
de Aragão , Luiz E. O. C. , Author
Dittmar, Thorsten1, 2, Author           
de Rezende , Carlos E. , Author
Almeida , Marcelo G. , Author
Johnson , Ben T. , Author
Marques, Jomar S. J. , Author
Niggemann, Jutta2, 3, Author           
Rangel , Thiago P. , Author
Quine, Timothy A. , Author
Affiliations:
1Marine Geochemistry Group, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Max Planck Society, ou_2481705              
2ICBM MPI Bridging Group for Marine Geochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Max Planck Society, Celsiusstraße 1, 28359 Bremen, DE, ou_2481703              
3Department of Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Max Planck Society, ou_2481693              

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 Abstract: Each year, tropical rivers export a dissolved organic carbon (DOC) flux to the global oceans that is equivalent to ~4% of the global land sink for atmospheric CO2. Among the most refractory fractions of terrigenous DOC is dissolved black carbon (DBC), which constitutes ~10% of the total DOC flux and derives from the charcoal and soot (aerosol) produced during biomass burning and fossil fuel combustion. Black carbon (BC) has disproportionate storage potential in oceanic pools and so its export has implications for the fate and residence time of terrigenous organic carbon (OC). In contrast to bulk DOC, there is limited knowledge of the environmental factors that control riverine fluxes of DBC. We thus completed a comprehensive assessment of the factors controlling DBC export in tropical rivers with catchments distributed across environmental gradients of hydrology, topography, climate, and soil properties. Generalized linear models explained 70 and 64% of the observed variance in DOC and DBC concentrations, respectively. DOC and DBC concentrations displayed coupled responses to the dominant factors controlling their riverine export (soil moisture, catchment slope, and catchment stocks of OC or BC, respectively) but varied divergently across gradients of temperature and soil properties. DBC concentrations also varied strongly with aerosol BC deposition rate, indicating further potential for deviation of DBC fluxes from those of DOC due to secondary inputs of DBC from this unmatched source. Overall, this study identifies the specific drivers of BC dynamics in river catchments and fundamentally enhances our understanding of refractory DOC export to the global oceans.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-05-202019-07
 Publication Status: Issued
 Pages: 26
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Title: Global Biogeochemical Cycles
  Other : Glob. Biogeochem. Cycle
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, DC : American Geophysical Union
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 33 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 849 - 874 Identifier: ISSN: 0886-6236
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925553383