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  Mechanism of L2,3-edge x-ray magnetic circular dichroism intensity from quantum chemical calculations and experiment—A case study on V(IV)/V(III) complexes

Maganas, D., Kowalska, J. K., Van Stappen, C., DeBeer, S., & Neese, F. (2020). Mechanism of L2,3-edge x-ray magnetic circular dichroism intensity from quantum chemical calculations and experiment—A case study on V(IV)/V(III) complexes. The Journal of Chemical Physics, 152(11): 114107. doi:10.1063/1.5129029.

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 Creators:
Maganas, Dimitrios1, Author           
Kowalska, Joanna K.2, Author           
Van Stappen, Casey3, Author           
DeBeer, Serena2, Author           
Neese, Frank4, Author           
Affiliations:
1Research Group Manganas, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, ou_2541709              
2Research Department DeBeer, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society, ou_3023871              
3IMPRS-RECHARGE, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Max Planck Society, ou_3023870              
4Research Department Neese, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, ou_2541710              

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 Abstract: In this work, we present a combined experimental and theoretical study on the V L2,3-edge x-ray absorption (XAS) and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectra of VIVO(acac)2 and VIII(acac)3 prototype complexes. The recorded V L2,3-edge XAS and XMCD spectra are richly featured in both V L3 and L2 spectral regions. In an effort to predict and interpret the nature of the experimentally observed spectral features, a first-principles approach for the simultaneous prediction of XAS and XMCD spectra in the framework of wavefunction based ab initio methods is presented. The theory used here has previously been formulated for predicting optical absorption and MCD spectra. In the present context, it is applied to the prediction of the V L2,3-edge XAS and XMCD spectra of the VIVO(acac)2 and VIII(acac)3 complexes. In this approach, the spin-free Hamiltonian is computed on the basis of the complete active space configuration interaction (CASCI) in conjunction with second order N-electron valence state perturbation theory (NEVPT2) as well as the density functional theory (DFT)/restricted open configuration interaction with singles configuration state functions based on a ground state Kohn-Sham determinant (ROCIS/DFT). Quasi-degenerate perturbation theory is then used to treat the spin–orbit coupling (SOC) operator variationally at the many particle level. The XAS and XMCD transitions are computed between the relativistic many particle states, considering their respective Boltzmann populations. These states are obtained from the diagonalization of the SOC operator along with the spin and orbital Zeeman operators. Upon averaging over all possible magnetic field orientations, the XAS and XMCD spectra of randomly oriented samples are obtained. This approach does not rely on the validity of low-order perturbation theory and provides simultaneous access to the calculation of XMCD A, B, and C terms. The ability of the method to predict the XMCD C-term signs and provide access to the XMCD intensity mechanism is demonstrated on the basis of a generalized state coupling mechanism based on the type of the excitations dominating the relativistically corrected states. In the second step, the performance of CASCI, CASCI/NEVPT2, and ROCIS/DFT is evaluated. The very good agreement between theory and experiment has allowed us to unravel the complicated XMCD C-term mechanism on the basis of the SOC interaction between the various multiplets with spin S′ = S, S ± 1. In the last step, it is shown that the commonly used spin and orbital sum rules are inadequate in interpreting the intensity mechanism of the XAS and XMCD spectra of the VIVO(acac)2 and VIII(acac)3 complexes as they breakdown when they are employed to predict their magneto-optical properties. This conclusion is expected to hold more generally.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2019-09-252020-02-232020-03-172020-03-21
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 15
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1063/1.5129029
 Degree: -

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Title: The Journal of Chemical Physics
  Other : J. Chem. Phys.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Woodbury, N.Y. : American Institute of Physics
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 152 (11) Sequence Number: 114107 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0021-9606
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922836226