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  Seven-year-olds recall non-adjacent dependencies after overnight retention

Schaadt, G., Paul, M., Muralikrishnan, R., Männel, C., & Friederici, A. D. (2020). Seven-year-olds recall non-adjacent dependencies after overnight retention. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 171: 107225. doi:10.1016/j.nlm.2020.107225.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-0D3F-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0006-7819-8
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Schaadt, Gesa1, 2, Author              
Paul, Mariella1, 3, Author              
Muralikrishnan, R.4, Author              
Männel, Claudia1, 2, Author              
Friederici, Angela D.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
3Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Frankfurt, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Non-adjacent dependencies; ERPs; Recall; Children; Development
 Abstract: Becoming a successful speaker depends on acquiring and learning grammatical dependencies between neighboring and non-neighboring linguistic elements (non-adjacent dependencies; NADs). Previous studies have demonstrated children’s and adults’ ability to distinguish NADs from NAD violations right after familiarization. However, demonstrating NAD recall after retention is crucial to demonstrate a lasting effect of NAD learning. We tested 7-year-olds’ NAD learning in a natural, non-native language on one day and NAD recall on the next day by means of event-related potentials (ERPs). Our results revealed ERPs with a more positive amplitude to NAD violations than correct NADs after familiarization on day one, but ERPs with a more negative amplitude to NAD violations on day two. This change from more positive to more negative ERPs to NAD violations possibly indicates that children’s representations of NADs changed during an overnight retention period, potentially associated with children’s NAD learning. Indeed, our descriptive analyses showed that both ERP patterns (i.e., day one: positive, day two: negative) were related to stronger behavioral improvement (i.e., more correct answers on day two compared to day one) in a grammaticality judgment task from day one to day two. We suggest these findings to indicate that children successfully built associative representations of NADs on day one and then strengthened these associations during overnight retention, revealing NAD recall on day two. The present results suggest that 7-year-olds readily track NADs in a natural, non-native language and are able to recall NADs after a retention period involving sleep, providing evidence of a lasting effect of NAD learning.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2020-03-192019-06-132020-03-282020-04-032020-05
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.nlm.2020.107225
Other: Epub 2020
PMID: 32251723
 Degree: -

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Title: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
  Other : Neurobiol. Learn. Mem.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Orlando, Fla. : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 171 Sequence Number: 107225 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1074-7427
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954926963939